Race, ethnicity, and the drug war

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Share link: race. This article was written by Timeshifter.
See: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. Also: Drug War, mandatory minimum sentencing, NRA, and guns. And: Influential black cannabis users. And: Drug war charts and maps.

See: The U.S. Drug War. Republicans lead.

2015. 70th anniversary: Victory over fascism in WW2. 35th year: Reagan's cannabis war. Today, Republicans often block cannabis legislation (except low-THC) state by state. Support legislation. It is 100 years since U.S. federal narcotic law enforcement began, and Billie Holiday's birth 2. Movie: "The Birth of a Nation" came out in 1915. Originally called The Clansman. First blockbuster movie. Roots of hate radio, Fox News, Nixon's racist Southern Strategy, and racist drug war.

Drug arrest rates by race

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Drug war failure

US timeline of drug arrest rates by race

Incarceration rates by race, age, and ethnicity

War on drugs cannon

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First chart below is from:

"On any given day in 2010, almost one in ten black men ages 20-39 were institutionalized". [5]. "Institutionalized" means incarcerated for the most part nowadays: "Few persons under age 50 are in nursing homes, and the populations housed in mental hospitals have declined greatly over the past three decades." [6]. See: US timeline of imprisonment and mental hospital rates. "By 2010, nearly a third of black, male high school dropouts aged 25-29 were imprisoned or otherwise institutionalized." [7].
US timeline of incarceration rates by age, race, and education

  • USA 2009. Percent of adult males incarcerated by race and ethnicity

    Incarceration rates for adult males in U.S. jails and prisons by race and ethnicity. At midyear 2009, an estimated 4.7% of black non-Hispanic men were in prison or jail, compared to 1.8% of Hispanic men of any race, and 0.7% of white non-Hispanic men. Sources. More info: Race, ethnicity, and the drug war. See template.

  • USA 2009. Adult male incarceration rates per 100,000 population by race and ethnicity

For 2010 numbers see chart below. It is adapted fron this article: Chart: Black America's incarceration rate is almost 37 times as high as Canada's. By Dylan Matthews on October 16, 2014. Vox Xpress.

Incarceration rates worldwide plus black Americans
The 2010 rates in the above chart are per 100,000 of all ages. Except for black American men which is per 100,000 adults in 2010. More variations of the chart, and more sourcing info:

US timeline of adult male incarceration rates by race and ethnicity
US timeline of adult male incarceration rates by race and ethnicity. From this article: Our penal system - Why Nations Fail. By Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson.


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Donald Andrews, Jr., owns a smoke shop in Scotia, New York

Donald Andrews, Jr., owns a smoke shop in Scotia, New York.

1 in 9 black children has an incarcerated parent

Collateral Costs. Pew Charitable Trusts

Bill Maher on drug war

See: Bill Maher, on CelebStoner.

Bill Maher: "We had slavery, and then we had the Jim Crow laws, and I think the successor to those two ways of putting down the black man in America is the war on drugs." From Real Time with Bill Maher – Episode 260, September 21, 2012.

Bill Maher: May 2, 2010 video and article: "I would never say and I have never said, because it's not true that Republicans, all Republicans are racists. That would be silly and wrong. But nowadays, if you are racist, you're probably a Republican. And that is quite different." More info

Bill Maher: October 8, 2011 video and article. "Overtly racist bullshit thinly painted over. Honestly, could anyone have written a better metaphor for the modern Republican party?" More info.

The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.

The new Jim Crow

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Jim Crow in Durham NC 1940

"At the bus station in Durham, North Carolina." Jim Crow in May 1940. Jack Delano, photographer. Image info.

US Adult Incarceration Rate by State

Louisiana has the highest incarceration rate in the above map. It is the highest rate in the world.

  • Louisiana's Republican Governor Bobby Jindal Denies Clemency to Non-Violent Pot Offenders. By Mike Adams, June 22, 2015. "Without a doubt, Louisiana is a veritable concentration camp for marijuana offenders, currently housing more prisoners for petty pot-related crimes than any other state in the nation—with some of these people forced to spend as much as 20 years in prison due to the state’s three-strike rule." See also:
  • Petition · Grant Clemency to Bernard Noble, 13 years for 2 joints · Louisiana's Republican governor needs to be voted out of office for denying this man's clemency. "Due to two, decades-old prior drug convictions, he was charged under the state’s habitual offender law and faced a mandatory sentence of thirteen and one-third years. ... A father of seven children and he works hard to support them. His youngest child suffers from autism, and another of his young children suffers from rheumatoid arthritis for which there is no cure. To support them he started two businesses, a janitorial service and a restaurant."

How Billy Holiday was hunted down

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Billie Holiday Strange Fruit02:42

Billie Holiday Strange Fruit

"To Anslinger, this [jazz] was musical anarchy, and evidence of a recurrence of the primitive impulses that lurk in black people, waiting to emerge. 'It sounded,' his internal memos said, 'like the jungles in the dead of night.' Another memo warned that 'unbelievably ancient indecent rites of the East Indies are resurrected' in this black man’s music.' ... 'Please prepare all cases in your jurisdiction involving musicians in violation of the marijuana laws. We will have a great national round-up arrest of all such persons on a single day.' ... But when Harry came for them, the jazz world would have one weapon that saved them: its absolute solidarity."
YouTube link [11]. Billie Holiday singing Strange Fruit. See lyrics in the Youtube description, or here.

William Randolph Hearst and Harry Anslinger

Pancho Villa

Pancho Villa

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"The early black jazz musicians of the 1920s and 1930s blended their love of marijuana with sexuality. This music broke through the color barrier, and was enjoyed by both white and black audiences. Marijuana was the driving force for jazz, and it was the fear of the mixing of these races that drove the white elite. ... And who was the 1937 black star who was the model for stealing white women by using the reefer music that Hearst and Anslinger feared? Cab Calloway -- that funny, funny Reefer Man! ... The large number of songs glorifying marijuana use in the decade leading up to cannabis prohibition shows what a large part marijuana played in black culture and music. ... Hearst's hatred of Mexicans and his hyping of the 'Mexican threat' to America likely was rooted in the 800,000 acres of timberland that had been confiscated from him by Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution. The Hearst papers carried paid-for columns by both Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, rationalizing his relationship with the two men as one of 'helping to fight Communism.' However, during a continental tour Hearst actually attended the Nuremberg rally of 1934. He later completed a newsreel deal with Hitler during the trip!"

Cory Booker and Quentin Tarantino on the Drug War

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See: Race, ethnicity, and the drug war.

Past month illicit drug use by race or ethnicity

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Past month illicit drug use. Age 12 or older, by race or ethnicity 2002-2010

Above chart. Past month illicit drug use. Age 12 or older, by race or ethnicity 2002-2010. Results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality.

NAACP billboard and ACLU lawsuit.

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"Welcome to America, home to 5% of the world's people & 25% of the world's prisoners." NAACP, ACLU File Lawsuit Against City of Philadelphia for Rejecting Criminal Justice Reform Ad. Article by NAACP. Lawsuit filed October 19, 2011 during the period of the Occupy movement. Also see the ad banner article by Courthouse News Service. The drug war and prisons are big business, and a big part of how the 1% controls the 99%. See Facebook comments about the banner. The Republican Party leads the racist drug war.

Incarceration peaked in the USA in 2008. <<--See that article for sources, stats, and charts for the banner. Most inmates are incarcerated due to the drug war.

USA. 25% of world&#039;s prisoners 3

Image info. See billboard and stats.

Astronomical U.S. incarceration increase

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USA and territories. 2,424,279 inmates in 2008. ...
In 2008 with less than 5% of world population the USA had over 2.4 million of 9.8 million world prisoners (b). See latest numbers and World Prison Population List. The majority of inmates in the USA are in due to the drug war. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. It peaked in 2008.
Total US inmates 2007-8

Incarceration nation

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US incarceration timeline

November Coalition graph. Some Congressmen and police who prosecuted the War on Drugs now believe it caused a large increase in the United States incarceration rate. See Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, and larger chart with sources. See template. Incarceration peaked in 2008.

Correctional population USA

USA: Peak of 7.3 million people in 2007 under adult correctional supervision: On probation or parole, or incarcerated in jail or prison. About 3.2% of the U.S. adult population, or 1 in every 31 adults. More info here. See template.

Minorities under control of US correctional system

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Charts below are adapted from Race and Prison.

U.S. corrections system. Jail, prison, probation, parole
1990 2000 2007 2008 2009
TOTAL persons in system 4,346,941 6,423,708 7,326,734 7,319,419 7,234,209
Blacks and Hispanics in system 2,351,516 3,309,566 3,622,726 3,607,341 3,611,911
 : Blacks and Hispanics % of TOTAL 54.1% 51.5% 49.4% 49.3% 49.9%
Blacks in system 1,614,195 2,347,066 2,446,834 2,453,170 2,472,920
 : Blacks % of TOTAL 37.1% 36.5% 33.4% 33.5% 34.2%
Hispanic/Latinos in system 737,321 962,500 1,175,892 1,154,171 1,138,991
 : Hispanics/Latinos % of TOTAL 17.0% 15.0% 16.0% 15.8% 15.7%

Blacks and Hispanics incarcerated in prisons and jails
1990 2000 2007 2008 2009
% Blacks and Hispanics incarcerated 60.0% 63.4% 60.3% 60.4% 60.5%

About the above chart:
  • Blacks and Hispanics Under Control of the US Correctional System: In 2009, there were around 3.6 million blacks and Hispanics/Latinos who were on probation or parole, or housed in federal and state prisons, or in local jails. Between 1990 and 2009 blacks and Hispanics consistently represented around 50% of those under control of the system, even though they collectively comprise only 30% of the U.S. population (blacks around 12.6% and Hispanics/Latinos 16.3%).
  • Blacks and Hispanics Incarcerated in Prisons and Jails: Numbering around 1.3 million, blacks and Hispanics/Latinos made up around 60% of those housed in America's prisons and jails in 2009.

Children with incarcerated parents

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US timeline of children with incarcerated parents

Chart is from page 19 of the PDF for a September 2010 report by The Pew Charitable Trusts: Collateral Costs. Incarceration's Effect on Economic Mobility.

Percent of children with incarcerated parents

Incarceration by group

Chart is from page 8 of the PDF for a September 2010 report by The Pew Charitable Trusts: Collateral Costs. Incarceration's Effect on Economic Mobility.

Cannabis is safer

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See longer article: Cannabis is safer.

Mitt Romney in July 2012 in New Hampshire 2

  • Obama on marijuana legalization. [19]. "My suspicion is that you’re gonna see other states start looking at this". The Washington Post. Jan. 22, 2015. Obama also said: "Last year you had the first time in 40 years where the crime rate and the incarceration rate went down at the same time."
U.S. incarceration timeline 4

Obama helping turn around the Reagan-Bush War on Pot, mandatory minimums, and mass incarceration.


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