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List of countries and U.S. states by incarceration rate

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Share links: combined rates and combinedrates. See charts. See also: Number incarcerated in the USA peaked in 2008. And: People in prisons and jails in the USA for drug-related crime. And: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate.

See Wikipedia: List of countries by incarceration rate, and Wikipedia: List of U.S. states by incarceration rate. This page combines both. It incorporates the 2013 state incarceration rates for U.S. states. The rate for federal prisons (68 per 100,000 population) has not been added into the state incarceration rate (state prisons and local jails). There were 215,100 federal prisoners in 2013, when the US population was at 316,497,531.[1][2] The country rates are from the World Prison Brief as of Sep 29, 2015.[3] Those rates are the latest available at the time of retrieval (usually within the last couple years). See the references below for more info.

Prisoner population rate world map

A map of incarceration rates by country,[3] with several small countries not shown on the map.

For detailed info on each state click the state on the map of the USA:

Incarceration rates

Return to top. States have been added by Timeshifter.

To avoid massive maintenance problems this list is initially sorted alphabetically. Click the rate header to sort by rate. The table can be sorted in ascending or descending order. The row number column on the left sorts independently from the columns to the right of it. Click the country header to return to alphabetical order.

"Notes" in the table links to the notes section that follows this table.



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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Incarceration rate.
Prisoners per
100,000 population
of all ages.
US state
Afghanistan 74
Alabama 951 US state
Alaska 691 US state
Albania 198
Algeria 162
American Samoa (United States) 349
Andorra 72
Angola 105
Anguilla (United Kingdom) 407
Antigua and Barbuda 355
Argentina 154
Arizona 831 US state
Arkansas 770 US state
Armenia 132
Aruba (Netherlands) 165
Australia 151
Austria 96
Azerbaijan 236
Bahamas 363
Bahrain 301
Bangladesh 43
Barbados 309
Belarus 306
Belgium 105
Belize 449
Benin 77
Bermuda (United Kingdom) 354
Bhutan 143
Bolivia 134
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation 80
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska 71
Botswana 188
Brazil 301
Brunei Darussalam 129
Bulgaria 125
Burkina Faso 34
Burundi 93
California 569 US state
Cambodia 105
Cameroon 115
Canada 106
Cape Verde 286
Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 344
Central African Republic 19
Chad 39
Chile 240
China 119 or 165. See notes.
Colombia 244
Colorado 608 US state
Comoros 31
Congo 27
Connecticut 488 US state
Cook Islands (New Zealand) 109
Costa Rica 352
Cote d'Ivoire 52
Croatia 91
Cuba 510
Curaçao (Netherlands) 225
Cyprus 94
Czech Republic 192
Delaware 756 US state
Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) 35
Denmark 61
District of Columbia 369 US. DC
Djibouti 68
Dominica 350
Dominican Republic 233
Ecuador 162
Egypt 76
El Salvador 465
England and Wales (United Kingdom) 148
Equatorial Guinea 132
Estonia 218
Ethiopia 111
Faeroe Islands (Denmark) 19
Fiji 171
Finland 57
Florida 788 US state
France 100
French Guiana (France) 277
French Polynesia (France) 159
Gabon 210
Gambia 48
Georgia (country) 281
Georgia 916 US state
Germany 78
Ghana 53
Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 146
Greece 111
Greenland (Denmark) 208
Grenada 430
Guadeloupe (France) 192
Guam (United States) 469
Guatemala 117
Guernsey (United Kingdom) 148
Guinea 22
Guyana 264
Haiti 97
Hawaii 397 US state
Honduras 196
Hong Kong 114
Hungary 180
Iceland 45
Idaho 632 US state
Illinois 537 US state
India 33
Indiana 690 US state
Indonesia 64
Iowa 410 US state
Iran 290
Iraq 133
Ireland 82
Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 99
Israel 240
Italy 86
Jamaica 145
Japan 49
Jersey (United Kingdom) 132
Jordan 150
Kansas 573 US state
Kazakhstan 275
Kentucky 729 US state
Kenya 119
Kiribati 115
Kosovo 100
Kuwait 86
Kyrgyzstan 182
Laos 71
Latvia 239
Lebanon 120
Lesotho 92
Liberia 39
Libya 99
Liechtenstein 19
Lithuania 302
Louisiana 1082 US state
Luxembourg 112
Macau (China) 190
Madagascar 83
Maine 285 US state
Malawi 72
Malaysia 161
Maldives 341
Mali 33
Malta 135
Marshall Islands 66
Martinique (France) 231
Maryland 550 US state
Massachusetts 318 US state
Mauritania 44
Mauritius 160
Mayotte (France) 74
Mexico 212
Michigan 608 US state
Micronesia 127
Minnesota 289 US state
Mississippi 962 US state
Missouri 736 US state
Moldova 215
Monaco 61
Mongolia 264
Montana 591 US state
Montenegro 174
Morocco 227
Mozambique 62
Myanmar 113
Namibia 144
Nauru 140
Nebraska 454 US state
Nepal 52
Netherlands 75
Nevada 712 US state
New Caledonia (France) 169
New Hampshire 362 US state
New Jersey 421 US state
New Mexico 742 US state
New York 413 US state
New Zealand 190
Nicaragua 160
Niger 40
Nigeria 32
North Carolina 561 US state
North Dakota 373 US state
Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) 90
Northern Mariana Islands (United States) 267
Norway 71
Ohio 603 US state
Oklahoma 983 US state
Oman 36
Oregon 582 US state
Pakistan 43
Palau 343
Panama 392
Papua New Guinea 61
Paraguay 158
Pennsylvania 668 US state
Peru 236
Philippines 120
Poland 199
Portugal 138
Puerto Rico (United States) 351
Qatar 53
Macedonia (former Yugoslav Republic of) 147
Réunion (France) 114
Rhode Island 322 US state
Romania 148
Russian Federation 450
Rwanda 492
Samoa (formerly Western Samoa) 250
San Marino 6
Sao Tome e Principe 101
Saudi Arabia 161
Scotland (United Kingdom) 145
Senegal 62
Serbia 140
Seychelles 799
Sierra Leone 61
Singapore 220
Sint Maarten 347
Slovakia 187
Slovenia 73
Solomon Islands 56
South Africa 292
South Carolina 683 US state
South Dakota 626 US state
South Korea 104
South Sudan 65
Spain 140
Sri Lanka 92
St. Kitts and Nevis 607
St. Lucia 345
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 378
Sudan 50
Suriname 183
Swaziland 289
Sweden 60
Switzerland 84
Syria 60
Taiwan 269
Tajikistan 121
Tanzania 69
Tennessee 740 US state
Texas 836 US state
Thailand 457
Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor) 39
Togo 64
Tonga 166
Trinidad and Tobago 259
Tunisia 212
Turkey 212
Turkmenistan 583
Tuvalu 110
Uganda 110
Ukraine 195
United Arab Emirates 229
United Kingdom - see notes below
United States of America 698. See notes.
Uruguay 282
Utah 430 US state
Uzbekistan 160
Vanuatu 76
Venezuela 178
Vermont 335 US state
Vietnam 154
Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 425
Virgin Islands (United States) 542
Virginia 710 US state
Washington 425 US state
West Virginia 523 US state
Wisconsin 605 US state
Wyoming 651 US state
Yemen 53
Zambia 118
Zimbabwe 145

Notes

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China

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China. The above table has 2 rates. The lower rate is for sentenced prisoners in 2014 in Ministry of Justice prisons only. The higher rate includes the 2009 estimated number of prisoners held in detention centres.[3][4] See also: Re-education through labor and Laogai.

North Korea

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North Korea. Little information exists regarding North Korea's incarceration rate. The U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea estimates 150,000 to 200,000 incarcerated based on testimony of defectors from the state police bureau, which roughly equals 600-800 people incarcerated per 100,000.[5] For more info see Prisons in North Korea.

United Kingdom

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United Kingdom. Main chart source only provides rates for the constituent parts of the UK.[3] In the above chart see Scotland, Northern Ireland, England and Wales.

United States

Return to top.
Total juvenile detention chart for the USA

Juvenile detention totals from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.[6]

United States. Incarceration rate (per 100,000 population of all ages) is for inmates held in adult facilities.[7] In addition, there were 54,148 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2013.[6] For more juvenile detention info and numbers see Youth incarceration in the United States.

See notes at the bottom of a U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) source table: "Total includes all inmates held in local jails, state or federal prisons, or privately operated facilities. It does not include inmates held in U.S. Territories (appendix table 3), military facilities (appendix table 3), in U.S. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement [ICE], in jails in Indian country (appendix table 3), or in juvenile facilities."[1]

BJS has numbers for U.S. Territories, military facilities, ICE, and for jails in Indian country.[8][9][10][11]

See also

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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013 (NCJ 248479). Published December 2014 by U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). By Lauren E. Glaze and Danielle Kaeble, BJS statisticians. See PDF. See page 1 "highlights" section for the "1 in ..." numbers. See table 1 on page 2 for adult numbers. See table 5 on page 6 for male and female numbers. See appendix table 5 on page 13, for "Estimated number of persons supervised by adult correctional systems, by correctional status, 2000–2013." See appendix table 2: "Inmates held in custody in state or federal prisons or in local jails, 2000 and 2012–2013". For states see appendix table 1 and its CSV file (cpus13at01.csv). It is part of this zip file.
  2. State Totals: Vintage 2014. By U.S. Census Bureau. The total 2013 US population, and the 2013 state populations, are from the CSV file for "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 (NST-EST2014-01)". The state inmate counts divided by the population (of all ages) equals the state incarceration rate. Any spreadsheet can do this quickly. LibreOffice Calc, for example.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief. International Centre for Prison Studies. Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed info for each country go to the World Prison Brief main page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired. Data for the whole Wikipedia list was last retrieved on 29 Sep 2015. Some numbers may be adjusted here later according to later info, or other references.
  4. China. By International Centre for Prison Studies.
  5. The Hidden Gulag: The Lives and Voices of "Those Who are Sent to the Mountains", 2nd ed. By David Hawk. Published April 10th 2012 by Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. ISBN 0615623670.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Sickmund, M., Sladky, T.J., Kang, W., & Puzzanchera, C.. "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement". Click "National Crosstabs" at the top, and then choose the census years. Click "Show table" to get the total number of juvenile inmates for those years. Or go here for all the years. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
  7. United States of America. By International Centre for Prison Studies.
  8. U.S. Territories. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  9. U.S. Military. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  10. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  11. Jails in Indian Country. By U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.

External links

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Wikipedia categories:

Cannabis is safer

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See longer article: Cannabis is safer.

Mitt Romney in July 2012 in New Hampshire 2

Obama on medical marijuana and drugs
Above quote is from Sanjay Gupta interview of Obama on April 15, 2015. Interview aired on CNN on April 19, 2015. [27][28][29].

U.S. incarceration timeline 4

Obama helping turn around the Reagan-Bush War on Pot, mandatory minimums, and mass incarceration. See: US incarceration peaked in 2008.

Obama alone can not reschedule it

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See main article: Obama alone can not reschedule marijuana.

Obama alone can not reschedule marijuana. [33] [34][35][36]. Since HHS (Health and Human Services) and the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) have again declined to reschedule or deschedule cannabis, then only Congress can do so.

Pot Matters: For Legalization, Set Your Sights on the Senate. 23 Mar 2016. By Jon Gettman. "it will be helpful, and indeed crucial, for advancing legalization for Democrats to take control of the Senate."


Drug-war mass incarceration

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America's mass incarceration
See: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Drug War, mandatory minimum sentencing, handguns. And: US incarceration peaked in 2008. And: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA. And: List of countries and U.S. states by incarceration rate.
See articles: Cannabis prisoners and Drug war cost charts, infographics..
The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.
Jail, jail deaths (2), and bail. A Lot Of People Are Dying At This Understaffed Texas Jail. And: How the Money Bail System Perpetuates America’s Mass Incarceration Problem. And: Justice Department blasts ‘unconstitutional’ fixed bail schedules. Many innocent people in jail. And: Many marijuana users in jail without bail money.

Canadian single-payer healthcare and

Portuguese drug decriminalization

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See: Portugal. Cannabis-related links.
Canadian single-payer healthcare, and Portuguese drug decriminalization. See: Business people for Single-payer Healthcare. Fed up with uncontrollable costs of U.S. healthcare. Save trillions of dollars.
  • Canada has saved trillions of dollars by eliminating the middleman, the health insurance companies.
Canada's single-payer universal healthcare costs less per person than U.S. healthcare. 2.3.4.5.. For more countries and charts: 6.7.. And the USA has lower average life expectancy than the OECD average (OECD = developed economies). 8.. Click chart to enlarge:
Average total healthcare spending (public and private) per person for various developed nations

Healthcare cost by nation

Green love

Return to top. The Global Marijuana March is the first Saturday in May. The first Saturday in May is also World Naked Gardening Day. [37]. But, be safe!

Republicans think they can spend an infinite amount of money (many trillions of dollars) on health-insurance-company-based healthcare, and have an infinite number of babies, to feed their appetite for endless ground wars, and for more inmates for more prisons for more drug war.
Population milestones
Green love
As with cannabis legalization Colorado leads the way.. More info. 2.3..
Colorado birth control
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