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News. - 2018 global events.2017.
See: More news. Archive. News sources. Facebook: Global Marijuana March [31][32][33]. Hashtags: [34][35][36]. Twitter: [37][38][39].

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.


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Share links: drugwar, massincarceration, and majority. This article was written by Timeshifter. See charts and maps. See also: Drug War, mandatory minimum sentencing, handguns. And: Republican-led drug war.
US incarceration rate timeline

Let us not forget about the astronomical increase in the number of correctional officers, too. 469,500 in 2012. See: Correctional Officers : Occupational Outlook Handbook : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. US incarceration peaked in 2008.

How the war on drugs affected incarceration rates. By Lauren Carroll, July 10th, 2016. Politifact.

The war on drugs led to "a 500 percent increase in incarceration in our country, disproportionately affecting poor and disproportionately affecting minorities." — Cory Booker on Sunday, July 10, 2016 in an interview on "Meet the Press".

Politifact. Mostly true


Mass imprisonment of drug users driving global epidemics of HIV, hepatitis, and tuberculosis. 14 July 2016. The Lancet. "In parts of Europe, over a third of inmates inject drugs (38%), in Australia (55%) it is more than half. This is in stark contrast with injecting drug use in the general population (0.3% in EU and 0.2% in Australia)." Many users steal in order to get money for drugs. Thus they end up in jail in high numbers, contributing to mass incarceration.

Incarceration Nation.. By Fareed Zakaria, Time magazine, April 02, 2012. "America's War on Drugs Drives High Incarceration Rates."

Drug war + Trickle-down Reaganomics, = mass incarceration and mass control.
See article: Trickle-down economics plus drug war.
The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.

People in prisons and jails for drug-related crime

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See also: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate.

489,000 in 2013 (see chart below). For drug offenses alone.

Does not count drug-related burglary, robbery, murder, etc. to get drug money, defend turf, etc..

How it happened

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Chart below covers prison inmates only. See also: timeline combining prison and jail inmates.

State and federal prison incarceration rate timeline with highlights

Chart source: The Score: Why Prisons Thrive Even When Budgets Shrink. In The Nation. By Mike Konczal and Bryce Covert, September 24, 2014. Quote below from article (emphasis added):

Explosion in incarcerations since the 1980s. Under the "war on drugs," aggressive policing drove up the percentage of those in state prisons for drug offenses from 6.4 percent in 1980 to 22 percent in 1990. More minor drug charges made it easier for prosecutors to push felony charges by citing a defendant’s prior record. These convictions triggered harsh sentences under new guidelines like California’s "three strikes" law, passed during the same period. The enforcement of these punitive new laws was, and remains, racist: according to the ACLU, black people are 3.73 times more likely to be arrested for marijuana possession than whites, though they are equally likely to use. This, in turn, makes black people vulnerable to the rest of the criminal-justice system.

See also: commons:File:U.S. incarceration rates 1925 onwards.png.

The drug war is a big cause of the high US incarceration rate. Also, the rest of the developed world has much lower rates of handgun ownership, and much lower murder rates. They never reached the levels of violence the USA did due to handguns and drug war. So they never had the clamoring of the far-right National Rifle Association (NRA) demanding mandatory minimum sentencing. Canada and Europe have long had much lower incarceration rates, better healthcare, and far fewer and shorter sentences for marijuana offenses.

Many innocent people in jail due to bail and bonds

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Drug-related crime

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See also: Drug war charts and maps. And: Brutality and the drug war.

Emphasis added to the quotes.

  • Prisons & Drug Offenders | Drug War Facts.
  • Drugs and Crime Facts. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics: "In 2004, 17% of state prisoners and 18% of federal inmates said they committed their current offense to obtain money for drugs. In 2002 about a quarter of convicted property and drug offenders in local jails had committed their crimes to get money for drugs, compared to 5% of violent and public order offenders. Among state prisoners in 2004 the pattern was similar, with property (30%) and drug offenders (26%) more likely to commit their crimes for drug money than violent (10%) and public-order offenders (7%). In federal prisons property offenders (11%) were less than half as likely as drug offenders (25%) to report drug money as a motive in their offenses."

Drug-related homicides

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U.S. statistics for drug-related homicides are very inadequate.

Why Statistics on Drug-Related Crime are Difficult To Interpret: Homicide as an Example. ... The FBI does not include as drug-related a murder that occurs during a robbery or a burglary committed by someone under the influence of drugs or a murder that occurs during a robbery committed to obtain money to buy drugs. In these cases, the homicide is recorded by its relationship to the most serious offense only, and robbery and burglary are more serious than drug trafficking in the FBI offense classification and in most State laws. Thus, current FBI homicide information may not categorize a large number of drug-related murders as so related.
  • Drugs and Crime Facts. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Has drug-related homicide chart from 1987-2007, with rates of 3.9% to 7.4% for drug-related homicides. "The Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) reported that in 2007, 3.9% of the 14,831 homicides in which circumstances were known were narcotics related. Murders that occurred specifically during a narcotics felony, such as drug trafficking or manufacturing, are considered drug related."
  • OPED: War Won't Solve the Drug Problem. July 15, 1999. Washington Post. By Rob Stewart, of the Drug Policy Foundation. "In 1988, just over half of the murders in the city [New York City] were 'drug-related.' But once the researchers examined the circumstances of the murders, they discovered that the clear majority, 74 percent, were results of the drug trade, not drug use (14 percent) or the need to get money for drugs (4 percent)."

Drugs and bail and probation violations

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Another difficulty for defendants charged with a probation violation is that the condition “to keep the peace and be of good behavior” is ambiguous and open to interpretation. For example, you are arrested for marijuana possession and are also charged with a violation of probation. Even if the marijuana possession charges are dismissed, you may very likely be found to have violated probation. Why? Because a judge can be “reasonably satisfied” that you were not of good behavior if you were even near drugs or someone who had drugs or involved in any incident that caused the police to be called.

Parole violations and drugs

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16.1% of parole violators returned to state prisons in 1997 for drug related violations; for failing drug tests, possession of drugs, failing to report for drug testing, failing to report for alcohol or drug treatment. Info is from Table 21 (below) of the PDF for this report: Trends in State Parole, 1990-2000. NCJ 184735. October 2001. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.

U.S. parole revocation reasons. 1997 stats
See image info.

Sentence length causes huge incarceration rate

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American Exception. Inmate Count in US Dwarfs Other Nations'. April 22, 2008. New York Times. Page 1, section A, front page. Archive. From the article (emphasis added):

Still, it is the length of sentences that truly distinguishes American prison policy. Indeed, the mere number of sentences imposed here would not place the United States at the top of the incarceration lists. If lists were compiled based on annual admissions to prison per capita, several European countries would outpace the United States. But American prison stays are much longer, so the total incarceration rate is higher. ... "Rises and falls in Canada's crime rate have closely paralleled America's for 40 years," Mr. Tonry wrote last year. "But its imprisonment rate has remained stable."
Incarceration rates worldwide

See sourcing here. See charts and maps. Go here for latest incarceration rates for many nations. See Wikipedia list. See this category. Share link. See: Number incarcerated in the USA peaked in 2008.


US incarceration timeline

November Coalition graph. Some Congressmen and police who prosecuted the War on Drugs now believe it caused a large increase in the United States incarceration rate. See Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, and larger chart with sources. See template. Incarceration peaked in 2008.

Mandatory Minimum sentences or truth in sentencing

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See also: Drug War, mandatory minimum sentencing, NRA, and guns.
Some people don't know that the National Rifle Association had a large part in causing the huge increase in the U.S. incarceration rate. The NRA strongly lobbied state-by-state for mandatory minimum sentences (also known as "Truth in Sentencing"), and "Two and Three Strikes" laws. Mandatory-minimum sentences are the root cause of the astronomical US incarceration rate according to a New York Times article. The majority of people incarcerated in the U.S. are in prison or jail due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. For more info see National Rifle Association and mandatory minimum sentencing. See template.

See Wikipedia: Mandatory sentencing. See also this page. Mandatory Minimum sentencing is often used for non-violent crimes such as drug possession. It is a modern-day way to create concentration camps for drug-using "undesirables." Sentences that usually do not allow parole until at least around 80% of the sentence served. Federal laws, and most states, have mandatory minimums. The majority of U.S. prisoners are in due to the drug war in some way or another.

See Wikipedia: War on Drugs, and Wikipedia: Sentencing Reform Act.

Life for pot

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See main article: USA. Life for pot. See also: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA.
Jeff Mizanskey 2015 Sep 1

Jeff Mizanskey 2015 Sep 1

Cannabis arrests

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See: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA.
U.S. cannabis arrests by year

More info, sources, data table.

Nixon and Reagan. War on Drugs

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Nancy and Ronald 6 Wilson 6 Reagan 6 riding the drug war Beast in 1986. Note Nancy's "Just Say NO" sign. Larger image.
Just Say No. Nancy and Ronald Reagan 2

Republican evil, Democrat complicity, corporatist control: The Drug-War Industrial Complex.

Drug War Invented by Nixon to Extend His Power. By Fintan O'Toole. Aug. 13, 1999. Irish Times.

In June 1971 Richard Nixon declared a "War on Drugs."

Nixon victory stance
Tricky Dick Nixon (above) has won his drug war! The Prison-Industrial Complex. Corporatist Dictatorship. A Nixonian "enemies list" that almost everyone is on at some time.

Papa Bush's massive drug war escalation

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Some think there won't be room for them in jail. We'll make room. We're almost doubling prison space. Some think there aren't enough prosecutors. We'll hire them, with the largest increase in Federal prosecutors in history.

Reagan, and propaganda of incarceration nations

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Ronald Reagan, 1980 campaign speech 1: "Leading medical researchers are coming to the conclusion that marijuana, pot, grass, whatever you want to call it, is probably the most dangerous drug in the United States, and we haven't begun to find out all of the ill effects, but they are permanent ill effects. The loss of memory for example."
See Reagan say it at 1 minute 7 seconds into this video clip narrated by Woody Harrelson.
U.S. incarceration timeline 4

Obama helped turn around the Reagan-Bush War on Pot, mandatory minimums, mass incarceration. See: US incarceration peaked in 2008.

Propaganda of incarceration nations. Reaganism is about drug war, code-word racism, hate radio, mass incarceration, and above all, trickle-down economics (Reaganomics).

Drug war + Trickle-down Reaganomics, = mass incarceration and mass control.
See article: Trickle-down economics plus drug war.
Just Say No. Nancy and Ronald Reagan 2

Nancy Reagan and Ronald Reagan of the USA. The "Just Say No" campaign.

Stalin and child

Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union.

S.A. brownshirt

S.A. brownshirts in Nazi Germany.

Cult of Personality. (2).
by Living Colour. Music video.
Living Colour - Cult Of Personality

Living Colour - Cult Of Personality


Youtube link. See lyrics.

See Wikimedia Commons: Category:Government propaganda. Note the "glorious mission" or "glorious war" nature of much propaganda. Like the Republican-led Holy War, the "War on Drugs". See Wikipedia: War on Drugs. It is really a war on some drug users. This particular glorious war was reinvigorated by the cult leaders, Ronald and Nancy Reagan. The B-movie actor Ronald (6) Wilson (6) Reagan (6) is still worshiped like a God (or idol) by some segments of the Republican Party.

Welcome to America

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"Welcome to America, home to 5% of the world's people & 25% of the world's prisoners." NAACP, ACLU File Lawsuit Against City of Philadelphia for Rejecting Criminal Justice Reform Ad. Article by NAACP. Lawsuit filed October 19, 2011 during the period of the Occupy movement. Also see the ad banner article by Courthouse News Service. The drug war and prisons are big business, and a big part of how the 1% controls the 99%. See Facebook comments about the banner. The Republican Party leads the racist drug war.

Incarceration peaked in the USA in 2008. <<--See that article for sources, stats, and charts for the banner. Most inmates are incarcerated due to the drug war.

USA. 25% of world&#039;s prisoners 3

Image info. See billboard and stats.

USA and territories. 2,424,279 inmates in 2008. ...
In 2008 with less than 5% of world population the USA had 2.4 million of 9.8 million world prisoners (b). See latest numbers and World Prison Population List. The majority of inmates in the USA are in due to the drug war. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. It peaked in 2008.
Chart below is from a July 2000 report:
USA versus Europe

From this July 2000 report: Poor Prescription: The Costs of Imprisoning Drug Offenders in the United States.

From the report: "Nearly one in four persons (23.7%) imprisoned in the United States is currently imprisoned for a drug offense. The number of persons behind bars for drug offenses (458,131) is roughly the same as the entire prison and jail population in 1980 (474,368)."

Cannabis is safer

Return to top. See article: Cannabis is safer.

2018 Global Marijuana March and 420 events

See: Reagan's war on cannabis. And: Holy War on Drugs, Republican-led mass incarceration.

Ronald Reagan, 1980 campaign speech 1: "Leading medical researchers are coming to the conclusion that marijuana, pot, grass, whatever you want to call it, is probably the most dangerous drug in the United States, and we haven't begun to find out all of the ill effects, but they are permanent ill effects. The loss of memory for example."
See Reagan say it at 1 minute 7 seconds into this video clip narrated by Woody Harrelson.

See longer article: Cannabis is safer.

Mitt Romney in July 2012 in New Hampshire 2

Obama on medical marijuana and drugs
Above quote is from Sanjay Gupta interview of Obama on April 15, 2015. Interview aired on CNN on April 19, 2015. [241][242][243].

U.S. incarceration timeline 4

Obama helped turn around the Reagan-Bush War on Pot, mandatory minimums, mass incarceration. See: US incarceration peaked in 2008.

Presidents alone can not reschedule it

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See main article: Presidents alone can not reschedule marijuana.

Neither the president nor the Attorney General can reschedule marijuana by themselves. [247] [248][249]. The two of them together also can not do so. See Wikipedia: Removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act. See "Process" section.

Since HHS (Health and Human Services) and the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) have again declined to reschedule or deschedule cannabis, then only Congress can do so. But Congress removed help for veterans: Republicans in Congress Won’t Let Veterans Access Medical Marijuana After All. [250][251]. And Congressional Republican committee leaders refuse hearings on CARERS bill to reschedule cannabis. See: Medical Marijuana Advocates Rally to Loosen Restrictions. By Alicia Ault. 23 Mar 2016. Medscape.


USA. Republican-led war on cannabis

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See: Republican-led drug war. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate.
Jeff Sessions and Granny from Beverly Hillbillies

Jeff Sessions and Granny [13].

The Cannabis War is over and the U.S. Republican Party has lost. They may not know it yet, so keep marching, lobbying, and voting! Please register and vote! See: Reagan's War on Cannabis. And: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality. And: Alternatives to Republican-led mass incarceration.

Virginia Senate Republicans kill bill to decriminalize small amounts of marijuana. Jan. 29, 2018. And: New Mexico's Republican governor vetoes a bill that would have allowed medical marijuana for opioid addiction. April 7, 2017. And: New Mexico's Republican governor vetoes the 911 Good Samaritan Overdose Prevention Bill. April 7, 2017. And: Idaho's Republican governor vetoes a broadly-supported asset forfeiture reform bill. April 7, 2017.

Democrats, following Bernie Sanders lead, propose bill to raise minimum wage to $15 by 2024. Republicans oppose raising federal minimum wage. [252] [253].

U.S. Republican Party: Greed, Ground Wars, Drug Wars, and Mass Incarceration.


Drug war, mass incarceration, control

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America&#039;s mass incarceration
See: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Drug War, mandatory minimum sentencing, handguns. And: US incarceration peaked in 2008. And: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA. And: List of countries and U.S. states by incarceration rate.
See articles: Cannabis prisoners and Drug war cost charts, infographics..
The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.
Jail, jail deaths (2), jail healthcare, and bail. A Lot Of People Are Dying At This Understaffed Texas Jail. And: How the Money Bail System Perpetuates America’s Mass Incarceration Problem. 2.3. Dumbass Republican lock-em-up types can't do math. Jail costs a lot more than unpaid fines. Use community service instead, and save tax money on jail and janitorial work. And: Justice Department blasts ‘unconstitutional’ fixed bail schedules. Many innocent people in jail. And: Many marijuana users in jail without bail money. And: Senator Kamela Harris push for bail reform.
The mentally ill. Rundle Won't Charge Prison Guards Who Allegedly Boiled Schizophrenic Black Man to Death for 2 Hours in Shower. Death Ruled An Accident. Documents Show They Omitted Key Details. Florida inmate in for cocaine possession. 2345. Due to lack of single-payer universal healthcare the mentally ill end up incarcerated and untreated. Prison costs far more than caring for them to begin with. For their non-violent offenses three-quarters of Americans favor ‘rehabilitation’ over jail time, survey finds.

Poor health care in general in prisons and jails. Inmates Pay A Small Fortune To See A Doctor. 2.3.

Felon disenfranchisement & gerrymandering

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Federal judge: Florida’s felon voting restoration flawed. And: Floridians will vote this fall (2018) on restoring voting rights to 1.5 million felons. And: 27 percent of all the disfranchised felons in the U.S. live in Florida.

Gerrymandering. How to steal an election

In 2014: 8 of the 10 most gerrymandered districts in the USA were drawn by Republicans.

Republican-led big spending on drug war

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Trillion-dollar Cost of Republican-led U.S. drug war. And: Its racist application. [255][256].

Trenton 2017 June. New Jersey. The plant is winning

"After a 40 year trillion dollar war against a plant, The Plant Is Winning". Trenton, New Jersey.

GOP-led spending on endless ground wars

Return to top. See: Wars and drug wars on demand.

"$5.6 trillion" for endless Mideast wars that started with Bush and CIA WMD lies about Iraq. [257][258]. Interstate Highway System cost $526 billion in 2016 dollars. And: Landing a human on the moon cost $206 billion in 2016 dollars. And: Military veterans defy Jeff Sessions, fight for medical marijuana to kick opioid addiction. Of all the veterans returning from the Middle East, about 60 percent experience chronic pain.

U.S. infrastructure badly needs this money

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U.S. household debt at all time high

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U.S. household debt at all time high. Chart below from page 3 of PDF.
2003 to 2017 (4th quarter). Total Household Debt by Type:

Total household debt by type over time

Click to enlarge. Timeline is by quarters.

Black upward-pointing line is student debt. Cumulative percent increase over time:

Student debt over time

See source.

U.S. middle class wealth has collapsed

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Median net worth of U.S. households over time

Middle class wealth collapsing. [14]. And: Just 8 men own same wealth as half the world. See Wikipedia: Wealth in the United States.

Canadian middle class has surpassed USA




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Median wealth
per adult in
US dollars
Country2017
Switzerland 229,059
Australia 195,417
Luxembourg 167,664
Belgium 161,589
New Zealand 147,593
Norway 130,543
Italy 124,636
Japan 123,724
France 119,720
Singapore 108,850
United Kingdom 102,641
Netherlands 94,373
Canada 91,058
Taiwan 87,257
Denmark 87,231
Ireland 84,592
Israel 78,244
Qatar 71,118
Malta 67,980
Korea 67,934
Spain 63,369
Finland 57,850
Austria 57,534
United States 55,876
Greece 54,665
Germany 47,091
Hong Kong 46,079
Sweden 45,235
Slovenia 42,195
Portugal 38,242
Kuwait 37,788
Hungary 30,111
Estonia 27,522
Seychelles 26,064
Libya 24,510
Czech Republic 23,083
Mauritius 23,035
Cyprus 20,902
Slovakia 20,717
Uruguay 20,376
Chile 20,141
United Arab Emirates 19,712
Croatia 18,058
Lithuania 17,931
Latvia 17,828
Montenegro 13,981
Costa Rica 13,370
Bulgaria 11,782
Saudi Arabia 11,555
Oman 10,461

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The American Middle Class Is No Longer the World’s Richest. Canada passes US in middle-class wealth. Median after-tax middle-class income in Canada is higher. [259]. By David Leonhardt and Kevin Quealy. April 22, 2014. New York Times. Why? One reason is that Canadians pay so much less for far better healthcare. And: Canada has higher minimum wage.

Many nations surpassed US middle class

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US middle-class wealth has collapsed. [260].
See chart to the right. Median wealth is exactly in the middle. 50% of adults have more, and 50% of adults have less. Wealth is all assets (money, stocks, property, etc.) minus all debts.

Tables - Credit Suisse. Scroll down to XLS links. Download the Complete Wealth per Adult Data by Country for 2016 and 2017 (XLS). This was used to create the table to the right. This is only part of the table. See also: Commons:Convert tables and charts to wiki code or image files. Note that USA is number 24 in median wealth per adult in the table below. Canada is number 13.

USA. Richest 10% Own 84% of All Stocks

Return to top. See: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality.

Republicans refuse to raise minimum wage

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Chart below is from a Washington Post article on Dec. 29, 2017:
"The U.S. has one of the stingiest minimum wage policies of any wealthy nation."

U.S. minimum wage peaked in 1968

Why isn't National Public Radio covering this? Why aren't All Things Considered?

Green love

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2018 Global Marijuana March and 420 events

The Global Marijuana March is the first Saturday in May. The first Saturday in May is also World Naked Gardening Day. Your marijuana garden needs love too Face-smile. (see Google search for it). But, be safe!

Republicans think they can spend an infinite amount of money (many trillions of dollars) on private-health-insurance-company-based healthcare, and have an infinite number of babies, to feed their appetite for endless ground wars, and for more inmates for more prisons for more drug war.
World population milestones 2
Wikipedia: Population milestone babies.
Green love
As with cannabis legalization Colorado led the way.. More info. 2.3..
Colorado birth control

Canada has universal healthcare

Canada has single payer healthcare

Canadian healthcare costs much less

Half the cost of Obama-Trumpcare

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See: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare. And: End drug war with universal healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer healthcare and Portuguese drug decriminalization.

USA could save $1.6 trillion YEARLY

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Canada has better health outcomes

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See health outcomes info: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare.

Canada has universal healthcare and longer lifespans, at half the cost of US healthcare.

Average per capita healthcare cost in above chart includes all costs public and private. Canadian Single Payer: Show health card, get health care paid for by taxes. No deductibles on basic Canadian health care, and co-pays are extremely low or non-existent. And: No bankruptcies and personal medical debt in single-payer countries.

Canada passes US in middle-class wealth. Median after-tax middle-class income in Canada is higher. [261]. Why? Canadians pay so much less for far better healthcare. And: Canada has higher minimum wage.

Total healthcare spending per capita by country

Per capita healthcare costs. [15].

US healthcare spending per person is more than double the average of other developed countries.

US healthcare spending per person is more than double the average of other developed countries

Infographic: U.S. Healthcare Spending. [16] [17][18].

30 percent of US healthcare spending is wasteful

Infographic: U.S. Healthcare Spending. [19]

This massive wasteful healthcare spending in the USA (compared to other rich nations) accelerated in 1980 (see chart below). How? It happened because non-profit health insurance was taken over by for-profit health insurance companies. They get a cut of all wasteful healthcare spending. The more wasteful, the more profits. Such as exorbitant drug pricing, expensive medical devices, overuse of emergency rooms. It is similar to how for-profit prison companies have an incentive to fill more beds, rather than rehabilitate prisoners.

Non-profit health insurance, and single payer healthcare, do not have these perverse incentives. So they tend to use more early preventive care that requires far fewer expensive drugs, devices, and visits to the emergency room and urgent care. Healthcare, like roads, should be publicly financed, and privately built. Private health insurance, like private toll road companies, are a kind of middleman mafia that skims profits, and shuffles papers, but don't actually do any real work.

Single payer will save money

List of countries by total health expenditure per capita.

Chart below shows the percentage of the GDP (national economy) spent on all healthcare costs (public and private) by year for some countries. Note that around 1980 US healthcare costs skyrocketed compared to other rich countries (all of which have universal healthcare, unlike the USA).

Health care cost timeline by nation

Sources: [20] [21].

Universal health coverage around the world

Source for above chart: Are any conservatives in the US for a single payer and a universal health care system, or can they not coexist? Chart is from comment around March 11, 2017 by Dan Munro, "author of Casino Healthcare, and Forbes contributor".

Each 10 million US uninsured equals

10,000 more deaths yearly. Also:

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Bernie Sanders' projection of 'thousands' of deaths from lost health coverage is well-supported. By Louis Jacobson. June 27, 2017. Politifact. See article sidebar for many sources. [262][263][264][265][266].

10,000 die waiting for disability yearly

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With Single-Payer Universal Healthcare people get healthcare no matter how much they work or not. And it doesn't matter if they lose their job, or change employers. People don't have to show they are totally disabled to get adequate healthcare. People can try to work now and then as much as their disability allows them, and not lose their healthcare. And they get drug treatment on demand if their pill use gets out of hand.

Portugal has universal healthcare

Portugal decriminalized all drugs

Portugal has drug treatment for all

Portugal's drug decriminalization. 2.3.4.5. It is based on single-payer, universal healthcare. 2.

In Portugal few die of overdoses

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See: End drug war with universal healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer healthcare and Portuguese drug decriminalization.

Portugal has decriminalized all drugs. Like Canada it has universal healthcare. See: Portugal. Cannabis-related links. See: Wikipedia: Drug policy of Portugal and Wikipedia: Health in Portugal. Nearly all of the European Union (EU) has universal healthcare. [267][268]. See: List of countries with universal health care.

Portugal decriminalised drugs 14 years ago – and now hardly anyone dies from overdosing. 2015 article by Chris Ingraham. Chart below is from the article. As is the quote below:

"The country has 3 overdose deaths per million citizens, compared to the EU average of 17.3."

Portugal drug deaths

In 2014 the USA had 147 overdose deaths per million people. [269] [270] [271] [272]

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, United States, 2000-2015

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, United States, 2000-2015. Deaths per 100,000. Multiply by 10 to get deaths per million people. Source.

In 2016 the USA had 185 overdose deaths per million people. <~~ See chart in article, and a similar chart below.

Drug induced deaths per million population, ages 15-64. By country

Sources: [22][23] "Goulao says 90 per cent of public money spent fighting drugs in Portugal is channeled toward those health-care goals — just 10 per cent is spent on police enforcement." [24][25][26][27].

US map of drug overdose deaths per 100,000 population by state, US 2015

Map source: Drug Overdose Death Data. CDC Injury Center.

US map legend. Drug overdose deaths per 100,000 population

Map colors and rates. Multiply by 10 to get deaths per million population.

Drugs involved in U.S. overdose deaths, 2000 to 2016

Yearly number of overdose deaths by drug. Sources: [28][29][30].

US charts:

Ibogaine cure:

Remove Republicans in 2018 vote

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See also: Republican-led Drug War. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Alternatives to Republican-led mass incarceration. And: Cost of Republican-led U.S. drug war. And: Reagan's war on cannabis.And: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality.

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.

When Active-Duty Service Members Struggle To Feed Their Families. April 19, 2017. NPR.

Chart below is from a Washington Post article on Dec. 29, 2017:
"The U.S. has one of the stingiest minimum wage policies of any wealthy nation."

U.S. minimum wage peaked in 1968

Why isn't National Public Radio covering this? Why aren't All Things Considered?


Trump approval rating hits new low (35%) in CNN poll. 32% in Associated Press–NORC poll. Lowest in history for a first-year President. Dec. 19, 2017 article.

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.
Republican tax bill hurts the poor more than originally thought, Congressional Budget Office finds. "By 2019, Americans earning less than $30,000 a year would be worse off under the Senate bill, CBO found. By 2021, Americans earning $40,000 or less would be net losers, and by 2027, most people earning less than $75,000 a year would be worse off. On the flip side, millionaires and those earning $100,000 to $500,000 would be big beneficiaries".
2 polls: Only 29% of Americans approve of Republican tax plan. 2.


Chart below from: A Tax Plan to Turbocharge Inequality, in 3 Charts. Dec. 17, 2017. New York Times.

Rapidly rising pre-tax income inequality in the USA

Why isn't National Public Radio covering this? Why aren't All Things Considered?


A or F? How Congress scores on marijuana. 2. By Danielle Keane, NORML political director. 2016. "Of the 233 Democrats in Congress, 208 members (89.3 percent) received a passing grade of a 'C' or higher. Of the 302 Republicans in Congress, 102 members (33.8 percent) received a passing grade of a 'C' or higher." For your state see: Congressional Scorecard. NORML. Grading was based upon members' voting records.


Portugal's drug decriminalization. 2.3.4.5. It is based on single-payer, universal healthcare. 2.


Independents greatly outnumber Democrats or Republicans in the USA. If anti-cannabis Republicans are to be voted out of power, then all Democrat primaries need to be opened to independents. See Wikipedia: Open primaries in the United States. And: Wikipedia: Blanket primary. And: Wikipedia: Nonpartisan blanket primary.

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.


Herbie Whirling cannabis leaves Global Marijuana March animated

2018 Global Marijuana March and 420 events

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