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News. - 2017 global events.2018.
See: More news. Archive. News sources. Facebook: Global Marijuana March [29][30][31]. Hashtags: [32][33][34]. Twitter: [35][36][37].

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.


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Share links: cost and costs. This article was written by Timeshifter.

See also: Drug war charts and maps. And: cannabis arrests. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: People in prisons and jails in the USA for drug-related crime. And: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA.

Mass incarceration could be costing the United States over $1 trillion a year. [232]. Sam Stecklow. 17 Sept 2016. Fusion.

From the study abstract: "This study draws on a burgeoning area of scholarship to assign monetary values to twenty-two different costs, which yield an aggregate burden of one trillion dollars. This approaches 6% of gross domestic product and dwarfs the amount spent on corrections. For every dollar in corrections costs, incarceration generates an additional ten dollars in social costs."

“We have an under-incarceration problem.” Republican Senator Cotton. May 19, 2016. Trillions of dollars. See: U.S. Drug War. Republicans lead. And: Life for pot.
Trenton 2017 June. New Jersey. The plant is winning

"After a 40 year trillion dollar war against a plant, The Plant Is Winning". Trenton, New Jersey.

America's mass incarceration

Trillions of dollars.

Just Say No. Nancy and Ronald Reagan 2

Some drug-war cost estimates

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The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.

Cost of criminal justice system

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State prisons averaged $31,286 per inmate in 2010. It ranged from $14,603 in Kentucky to $60,076 in New York.

Federal prisons averaged $30,619 per inmate in 2014.

See info and charts from Wikipedia: Incarceration in the United States. And: United States incarceration rate. And: War on Drugs.

"Spending on law-enforcement by states and local governments hit $212 billion in 2011, including judicial, police and corrections costs, according to the most recent estimates provided to the U.S. Census Bureau." - From Wall Street Journal article: As Arrest Records Rise, Americans Find Consequences Can Last a Lifetime. Aug. 18, 2014.

U.S. criminal justice cost timeline, inflation-adjusted expenditures in 2007 constant dollars

Inflation-adjusted in 2007 constant dollars. U.S. incarceration rate peaked in 2008.

See this timeline graph to the right. Criminal justice system cost $228 billion total in 2007. $50 billion for judicial and legal costs. Plus $104 billion for police. Plus $74 billion for corrections.

In 2007, around $74 billion was spent on corrections alone according to the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics: Justice Expenditures and Employment, FY 1982-2007 - Statistical Tables. See PDF and table 2: "Total justice expenditures, by justice function, FY 1982–2007 (real dollars)". Table 2 is copied below.

Table 2. Total justice expenditures, by justice function,
fiscal year 1982–2007 (real dollars).
Real dollars (inflation adjusted to 2007 constant dollars).
Expenditures (in millions)
Year Total Judicial and
legal services
Police
protection
Corrections
1982 84,129 18,132 44,625 21,371
1987 114,484 24,356 55,903 34,226
1992 154,912 34,576 68,216 52,120
1997 189,463 41,383 84,198 63,884
2002 227,672 51,052 100,685 75,933
2007 227,563 49,721 103,643 74,198

New York City pays $167,731 per year per prisoner

More charts

US incarceration timeline

Total incarceration, and incarceration rate, peaked in 2008. Obama became President on January 20, 2009.

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Click the infographics to enlarge them.

Cost of U.S. drug war. Even $1.5 trillion dollars is conservative since many crimes are committed in order to get money for drugs. State prisons averaged $31,268 per inmate in 2010. See: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. See: Economics - Drug War Facts. See: 32 Reasons Why We Need To End The War On Drugs - Business Insider. See: The Budgetary Impact of Ending Drug Prohibition.
Cost of U.S. drug war

A Chart That Says the War on Drugs Isn't Working. By Serena Dai. The Atlantic Wire. 12 Oct 2012. "The numbers on this chart alone don't add up to $1.5 trillion, which represents a more inclusive count of drug control spending, with prison costs and state level costs determined by the Office of National Drug Control Policy, but instead to $800 billion." See: Cost of U.S. drug war. Share link.

Cost of drug war

USA. Direct expenditure by criminal justice function

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Drug war costs versus education costs

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Jimmie Carter: Call Off the Global Drug War. June 16, 2011. New York Times. Article quote (emphasis added):

Former California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger pointed out that, in 1980, 10 percent of his state’s budget went to higher education and 3 percent to prisons; in 2010, almost 11 percent went to prisons and only 7.5 percent to higher education. Maybe the increased tax burden on wealthy citizens necessary to pay for the war on drugs will help to bring about a reform of America’s drug policies.

Cannabis is safer

Return to top. See article: Cannabis is safer.

See: Reagan's war on cannabis. And: Holy War on Drugs, Republican-led mass incarceration.

Ronald Reagan, 1980 campaign speech 1: "Leading medical researchers are coming to the conclusion that marijuana, pot, grass, whatever you want to call it, is probably the most dangerous drug in the United States, and we haven't begun to find out all of the ill effects, but they are permanent ill effects. The loss of memory for example."
See Reagan say it at 1 minute 7 seconds into this video clip narrated by Woody Harrelson.

See longer article: Cannabis is safer.

Mitt Romney in July 2012 in New Hampshire 2

Obama on medical marijuana and drugs
Above quote is from Sanjay Gupta interview of Obama on April 15, 2015. Interview aired on CNN on April 19, 2015. [241][242][243].

U.S. incarceration timeline 4

Obama helped turn around the Reagan-Bush War on Pot, mandatory minimums, mass incarceration. See: US incarceration peaked in 2008.

Presidents alone can not reschedule it

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See main article: Presidents alone can not reschedule marijuana.

Neither the president nor the Attorney General can reschedule marijuana by themselves. [247] [248][249]. The two of them together also can not do so. See Wikipedia: Removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act. See "Process" section.

Since HHS (Health and Human Services) and the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) have again declined to reschedule or deschedule cannabis, then only Congress can do so. But Congress removed help for veterans: Republicans in Congress Won’t Let Veterans Access Medical Marijuana After All. [250][251]. And Congressional Republican committee leaders refuse hearings on CARERS bill to reschedule cannabis. See: Medical Marijuana Advocates Rally to Loosen Restrictions. By Alicia Ault. 23 Mar 2016. Medscape.


USA. Republican war on cannabis

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See: Republican-led drug war. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate.

The Cannabis War is over and the U.S. Republican Party has lost. They may not know it yet, so keep marching, lobbying, and voting! Please register and vote! See: Reagan's War on Cannabis. And: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality. And: Alternatives to Republican-led mass incarceration.

Vermont's Republican Governor Scott Vetoes Marijuana Legalization bill of Democrat legislature. May 24, 2017. And: New Mexico's Republican governor vetoes a bill that would have allowed medical marijuana for opioid addiction. April 7, 2017. And: New Mexico's Republican governor vetoes the 911 Good Samaritan Overdose Prevention Bill. April 7, 2017. And: Idaho's Republican governor vetoes a broadly-supported asset forfeiture reform bill. April 7, 2017.

Democrats, following Bernie Sanders lead, propose bill to raise minimum wage to $15 by 2024. Republicans oppose raising federal minimum wage. [252] [253].

U.S. Republican Party: Greed, Ground Wars, Drug Wars, and Mass Incarceration.


Drug war, control, mass incarceration

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America's mass incarceration
See: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Drug War, mandatory minimum sentencing, handguns. And: US incarceration peaked in 2008. And: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA. And: List of countries and U.S. states by incarceration rate.
See articles: Cannabis prisoners and Drug war cost charts, infographics..
The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.
Jail, jail deaths (2), and bail. A Lot Of People Are Dying At This Understaffed Texas Jail. And: How the Money Bail System Perpetuates America’s Mass Incarceration Problem. 2. And: Justice Department blasts ‘unconstitutional’ fixed bail schedules. Many innocent people in jail. And: Many marijuana users in jail without bail money. And: Senator Kamela Harris push for bail reform.
The mentally ill. Rundle Won't Charge Prison Guards Who Allegedly Boiled Schizophrenic Black Man to Death for 2 Hours in Shower. Death Ruled An Accident. Documents Show They Omitted Key Details. Florida inmate in for cocaine possession. 2345. Due to lack of single-payer universal healthcare the mentally ill end up incarcerated and untreated. Prison costs far more than caring for them to begin with. For their non-violent offenses three-quarters of Americans favor ‘rehabilitation’ over jail time, survey finds.

Poor health care in general in prisons and jails. Inmates Pay A Small Fortune To See A Doctor. 2.3.

Green love

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The Global Marijuana March is the first Saturday in May. The first Saturday in May is also World Naked Gardening Day. Your marijuana garden needs love too Face-smile. (see Google search for it). But, be safe!

Republicans think they can spend an infinite amount of money (many trillions of dollars) on private-health-insurance-company-based healthcare, and have an infinite number of babies, to feed their appetite for endless ground wars, and for more inmates for more prisons for more drug war.
World population milestones 2
Wikipedia: Population milestone babies.
Green love
As with cannabis legalization Colorado led the way.. More info. 2.3..
Colorado birth control

Canadian healthcare costs much less

Half the cost of Obama-Trumpcare

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See: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare. And: End drug war with universal healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer healthcare and Portuguese drug decriminalization.

Canada has single payer healthcare

Canada has universal healthcare

Canada has better health outcomes

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See health outcomes info: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare.

Canada has universal healthcare and longer lifespans, at half the cost of US healthcare.

Country Life expectancy Infant mortality rate Healthcare cost per person
(2). (US dollars. PPP)
Murder rate
per 100,000
Canada 82.2 years.(2) 4.9 per 1000 births. $4,608 in 2015 1.5
USA 79.3 years.(2) 6.5 per 1000 births. $9,451 in 2015 3.9
Murder rate is lower in Canada due to far less handgun ownership.

Average per capita healthcare cost in above chart includes all costs public and private. Canadian Single Payer: Show health card, get health care paid for by taxes. No deductibles on basic Canadian health care, and co-pays are extremely low or non-existent. And: No bankruptcies and personal medical debt in single-payer countries.

Canada passes US in middle-class wealth. Median after-tax middle-class income in Canada is higher. [255]. Why? Canadians pay so much less for far better healthcare. And: Canada has higher minimum wage.

Total healthcare spending per capita by country

Per capita healthcare costs. [13].

US healthcare spending per person is more than double the average of other developed countries.

US healthcare spending per person is more than double the average of other developed countries

Infographic: U.S. Healthcare Spending. [14] [15][16].

30 percent of US healthcare spending is wasteful

Infographic: U.S. Healthcare Spending. [17]

This massive wasteful healthcare spending in the USA (compared to other rich nations) accelerated in 1980 (see chart below). How? It happened because non-profit health insurance was taken over by for-profit health insurance companies. They get a cut of all wasteful healthcare spending. The more wasteful, the more profits. Such as exorbitant drug pricing, expensive medical devices, overuse of emergency rooms. It is similar to how for-profit prison companies have an incentive to fill more beds, rather than rehabilitate prisoners.

Non-profit health insurance, and single payer healthcare, do not have these perverse incentives. So they tend to use more early preventive care that requires far fewer expensive drugs, devices, and visits to the emergency room and urgent care. Healthcare, like roads, should be publicly financed, and privately built. Private health insurance, like private toll road companies, are a kind of middleman mafia that skims profits, and shuffles papers, but don't actually do any real work.

Single payer will save money

List of countries by total health expenditure per capita.

Chart below shows the percentage of the GDP (national economy) spent on all healthcare costs (public and private) by year for some countries. Note that around 1980 US healthcare costs skyrocketed compared to other rich countries (all of which have universal healthcare, unlike the USA).

Health care cost timeline by nation

Sources: [18] [19].

Universal health coverage around the world

Source for above chart: Are any conservatives in the US for a single payer and a universal health care system, or can they not coexist? Chart is from comment around March 11, 2017 by Dan Munro, "author of Casino Healthcare, and Forbes contributor".

Each 10 million US uninsured equals

10,000 more deaths yearly. Also:

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Bernie Sanders' projection of 'thousands' of deaths from lost health coverage is well-supported. By Louis Jacobson. June 27, 2017. Politifact. See article sidebar for many sources. [256][257][258][259][260].

10,000 die waiting for disability yearly

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With Single-Payer Universal Healthcare people get healthcare no matter how much they work or not. And it doesn't matter if they lose their job, or change employers. People don't have to show they are totally disabled to get adequate healthcare. People can try to work now and then as much as their disability allows them, and not lose their healthcare. And they get drug treatment on demand if their pill use gets out of hand.

Portugal has universal healthcare

Portugal decriminalized all drugs

Portugal has drug treatment for all

Portugal's drug decriminalization. 2.3. It is based on single-payer, universal healthcare. 2.

In Portugal few die of overdoses

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See: End drug war with universal healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer universal healthcare versus US healthcare. And: Canadian single-payer healthcare and Portuguese drug decriminalization.

Portugal has decriminalized all drugs. Like Canada it has universal healthcare. See: Portugal. Cannabis-related links. See: Wikipedia: Drug policy of Portugal and Wikipedia: Health in Portugal. Nearly all of the European Union (EU) has universal healthcare. [261][262]. See: List of countries with universal health care.

Portugal decriminalised drugs 14 years ago – and now hardly anyone dies from overdosing. 2015 article by Chris Ingraham. Chart below is from the article. As is the quote below:

"The country has 3 overdose deaths per million citizens, compared to the EU average of 17.3."

Portugal drug deaths

In 2014 the USA had 147 overdose deaths per million people. [263] [264] [265] [266]

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, United States, 2000-2015

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, United States, 2000-2015. Deaths per 100,000. Multiply by 10 to get deaths per million people. Source.

In 2016 the USA had 185 overdose deaths per million people. <~~ See chart in article, and a similar chart below.

Drug induced deaths per million population, ages 15-64. By country

Sources: [20][21] "Goulao says 90 per cent of public money spent fighting drugs in Portugal is channeled toward those health-care goals — just 10 per cent is spent on police enforcement." [22][23][24][25].

US map of drug overdose deaths per 100,000 population by state, US 2015

Map source: Drug Overdose Death Data. CDC Injury Center.

US map legend. Drug overdose deaths per 100,000 population

Map colors and rates. Multiply by 10 to get deaths per million population.

Drugs involved in U.S. overdose deaths, 2000 to 2016

Yearly number of overdose deaths by drug. Sources: [26][27][28].

US charts:

Ibogaine cure:

Remove Republicans in 2018 vote

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See also: Republican-led Drug War. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Alternatives to Republican-led mass incarceration. And: Cost of Republican-led U.S. drug war. And: Reagan's war on cannabis.And: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality.

Trump approval rating hits new low (35%) in CNN poll. 32% in Associated Press–NORC poll. Lowest in history for a first-year President.

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.
Republican tax bill hurts the poor more than originally thought, Congressional Budget Office finds. "By 2019, Americans earning less than $30,000 a year would be worse off under the Senate bill, CBO found. By 2021, Americans earning $40,000 or less would be net losers, and by 2027, most people earning less than $75,000 a year would be worse off. On the flip side, millionaires and those earning $100,000 to $500,000 would be big beneficiaries".
2 polls: Only 29% of Americans approve of Republican tax plan. 2.

Chart below from: A Tax Plan to Turbocharge Inequality, in 3 Charts. Dec. 17, 2017. New York Times.

Rapidly rising pre-tax income inequality in the USA

Why isn't National Public Radio covering this? Why aren't All Things Considered?

A or F? How Congress scores on marijuana. 2. By Danielle Keane, NORML political director. 2016. "Of the 233 Democrats in Congress, 208 members (89.3 percent) received a passing grade of a 'C' or higher. Of the 302 Republicans in Congress, 102 members (33.8 percent) received a passing grade of a 'C' or higher." For your state see: Congressional Scorecard. NORML. Grading was based upon members' voting records.

Portugal's drug decriminalization. 2.3. It is based on single-payer, universal healthcare. 2.

Will 2018 midterm elections remove Republicans? 2018 ballot issues: marijuana & minimum wage.


Herbie Whirling cannabis leaves Global Marijuana March animated


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