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Cost of Republican-led U.S. drug war

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College versus cannabis incarceration

See Wikipedia: Community college. It cost $31,286 per inmate in state prisons in 2010. It cost $30,619 per inmate in federal prisons in 2014.

U.S. incarceration cost timeline

U.S. incarceration cost timeline. See source article. And: U.S. incarceration rate peaked in 2008.

America's mass incarceration

Trillions of dollars.

Share links: cost and costs. This article was written by Timeshifter.

See also: Drug war charts and maps. And: cannabis arrests. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: People in prisons and jails in the USA for drug-related crime. And: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA.

Mass incarceration could be costing the United States over $1 trillion a year. [60]. Sam Stecklow. 17 Sept 2016. Fusion.

From the study abstract: "This study draws on a burgeoning area of scholarship to assign monetary values to twenty-two different costs, which yield an aggregate burden of one trillion dollars. This approaches 6% of gross domestic product and dwarfs the amount spent on corrections. For every dollar in corrections costs, incarceration generates an additional ten dollars in social costs."

“We have an under-incarceration problem.” Republican Senator Cotton. May 19, 2016. Trillions of dollars. See: U.S. Drug War. Republicans lead. And: Life for pot.
Just Say No. Nancy and Ronald Reagan 2

Some drug-war cost estimates Edit

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The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.

Cost of criminal justice system Edit

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State prisons averaged $31,286 per inmate in 2010. It ranged from $14,603 in Kentucky to $60,076 in New York.

Federal prisons averaged $30,619 per inmate in 2014.

See info and charts from Wikipedia: Incarceration in the United States. And: United States incarceration rate. And: War on Drugs.

"Spending on law-enforcement by states and local governments hit $212 billion in 2011, including judicial, police and corrections costs, according to the most recent estimates provided to the U.S. Census Bureau." - From Wall Street Journal article: As Arrest Records Rise, Americans Find Consequences Can Last a Lifetime. Aug. 18, 2014.

U.S. criminal justice cost timeline, inflation-adjusted expenditures in 2007 constant dollars

Inflation-adjusted in 2007 constant dollars. U.S. incarceration rate peaked in 2008.

See this timeline graph to the right. Criminal justice system cost $228 billion total in 2007. $50 billion for judicial and legal costs. Plus $104 billion for police. Plus $74 billion for corrections.

In 2007, around $74 billion was spent on corrections alone according to the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics: Justice Expenditures and Employment, FY 1982-2007 - Statistical Tables. See PDF and table 2: "Total justice expenditures, by justice function, FY 1982–2007 (real dollars)". Table 2 is copied below.

Table 2. Total justice expenditures, by justice function,
fiscal year 1982–2007 (real dollars).
Real dollars (inflation adjusted to 2007 constant dollars).
Expenditures (in millions)
Year Total Judicial and
legal services
Police
protection
Corrections
1982 84,129 18,132 44,625 21,371
1987 114,484 24,356 55,903 34,226
1992 154,912 34,576 68,216 52,120
1997 189,463 41,383 84,198 63,884
2002 227,672 51,052 100,685 75,933
2007 227,563 49,721 103,643 74,198

New York City pays $167,731 per year per prisoner Edit

More charts Edit

US incarceration timeline

Total incarceration, and incarceration rate, peaked in 2008. Obama became President on January 20, 2009.

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Click the infographics to enlarge them.

Cost of U.S. drug war. Even $1.5 trillion dollars is conservative since many crimes are committed in order to get money for drugs. State prisons averaged $31,268 per inmate in 2010. See: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. See: Economics - Drug War Facts. See: 32 Reasons Why We Need To End The War On Drugs - Business Insider. See: The Budgetary Impact of Ending Drug Prohibition.
Cost of U.S. drug war

A Chart That Says the War on Drugs Isn't Working. By Serena Dai. The Atlantic Wire. 12 Oct 2012. "The numbers on this chart alone don't add up to $1.5 trillion, which represents a more inclusive count of drug control spending, with prison costs and state level costs determined by the Office of National Drug Control Policy, but instead to $800 billion." See: Cost of U.S. drug war. Share link.

Cost of drug war

USA. Direct expenditure by criminal justice function Edit

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Drug war costs versus education costs Edit

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Jimmie Carter: Call Off the Global Drug War. June 16, 2011. New York Times. Article quote (emphasis added):

Former California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger pointed out that, in 1980, 10 percent of his state’s budget went to higher education and 3 percent to prisons; in 2010, almost 11 percent went to prisons and only 7.5 percent to higher education. Maybe the increased tax burden on wealthy citizens necessary to pay for the war on drugs will help to bring about a reform of America’s drug policies.

2017 Global Marijuana March and 420 Edit

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Global Marijuana March animated May 6, 2017, Saturday, or thereabouts. And April 20 (4/20), or thereabouts. Rallies and marches overall change public opinion for the better! See: Cannabis polls.

2017 Facebook event pages for Global Marches and 420. - Some cities.
Main Facebook pages for organizing global marches.

Dove cannabis earth 4
US states that have legalized
as of November 2016 election
.
Map of states that have legalized marijuana

Herbie


Cannabis is safer Edit

Return to top. See article: Cannabis is safer.

See: Reagan's war on cannabis. And: Holy War on Drugs, Republican-led mass incarceration.

Ronald Reagan, 1980 campaign speech 1: "Leading medical researchers are coming to the conclusion that marijuana, pot, grass, whatever you want to call it, is probably the most dangerous drug in the United States, and we haven't begun to find out all of the ill effects, but they are permanent ill effects. The loss of memory for example."
See Reagan say it at 1 minute 7 seconds into this video clip narrated by Woody Harrelson.

See longer article: Cannabis is safer.

Mitt Romney in July 2012 in New Hampshire 2

Obama on medical marijuana and drugs
Above quote is from Sanjay Gupta interview of Obama on April 15, 2015. Interview aired on CNN on April 19, 2015. [69][70][71].

U.S. incarceration timeline 4

Obama helped turn around the Reagan-Bush War on Pot, mandatory minimums, mass incarceration. See: US incarceration peaked in 2008.

Presidents can not reschedule it Edit

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See main article: Presidents alone can not reschedule marijuana.

The president alone can not reschedule marijuana. [75] [76][77][78]. Since HHS (Health and Human Services) and the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) have again declined to reschedule or deschedule cannabis, then only Congress can do so. But Congress removed help for veterans: Republicans in Congress Won’t Let Veterans Access Medical Marijuana After All. [79][80]. And Congressional Republican committee leaders refuse hearings on CARERS bill to reschedule cannabis. See: Medical Marijuana Advocates Rally to Loosen Restrictions. By Alicia Ault. 23 Mar 2016. Medscape.


Drug war, control, mass incarceration Edit

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America's mass incarceration
See: Drug war, control, and Republican-led income inequality. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Drug War, mandatory minimum sentencing, handguns. And: US incarceration peaked in 2008. And: Number of marijuana prisoners in the USA. And: List of countries and U.S. states by incarceration rate.
See articles: Cannabis prisoners and Drug war cost charts, infographics..
The majority of people incarcerated in prisons and jails in the USA are in due to drug-related offenses, crimes to get money for drugs, or drug-related parole or probation violations. Wikipedia: Drug-related crime. The number of inmates in the USA has increased almost 5 times over since 1980. The USA has the highest incarceration rate of any nation b c (except for the tiny country of the Seychelles). Compare incarceration rates worldwide. The cost of the U.S. drug war is at least 1.5 trillion dollars. Cannabis is safer! Share link.
Jail, jail deaths (2), and bail. A Lot Of People Are Dying At This Understaffed Texas Jail. And: How the Money Bail System Perpetuates America’s Mass Incarceration Problem. 2. And: Justice Department blasts ‘unconstitutional’ fixed bail schedules. Many innocent people in jail. And: Many marijuana users in jail without bail money.
The mentally ill. Rundle Won't Charge Prison Guards Who Allegedly Boiled Schizophrenic Black Man to Death for 2 Hours in Shower. Death Ruled An Accident. Documents Show They Omitted Key Details. Florida inmate in for cocaine possession. 2345. Due to lack of single-payer universal healthcare the mentally ill end up incarcerated and untreated. Prison costs far more than caring for them to begin with. For their non-violent offenses three-quarters of Americans favor ‘rehabilitation’ over jail time, survey finds.

Poor health care in general in prisons and jails. Inmates Pay A Small Fortune To See A Doctor. 2.3.

Green love Edit

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The Global Marijuana March is the first Saturday in May. The first Saturday in May is also World Naked Gardening Day. (see Google search for it). But, be safe!

Republicans think they can spend an infinite amount of money (many trillions of dollars) on health-insurance-company-based healthcare, and have an infinite number of babies, to feed their appetite for endless ground wars, and for more inmates for more prisons for more drug war.
Population milestones
Green love
As with cannabis legalization Colorado leads the way.. More info. 2.3..
Colorado birth control

Single-Payer. Half the cost of Trumpcare Edit

Portugal. Few die of overdose Edit

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See: End drug war with universal healthcare.
See: Canadian single-payer healthcare and Portuguese drug decriminalization.

Portugal has decriminalized all drugs. Like Canada it has universal healthcare. See: Portugal. Cannabis-related links. See: Wikipedia: Drug policy of Portugal and Wikipedia: Health in Portugal. Nearly all of the European Union (EU) has universal healthcare. [81][82]. See: List of countries with universal health care.

Universal health coverage around the world

Source for above chart: Are any conservatives in the US for a single payer and a universal health care system, or can they not coexist? Chart is from comment around March 11, 2017 by Dan Munro, "author of Casino Healthcare and Forbes contributor".

Canadian Single Payer: Show health card, get "free" care paid for by taxes. No deductibles on basic Canadian health care, and co-pays are extremely low or non-existent.

The $0 Alternative To Trumpcare. See chart below. USA versus top ten healthiest nations.
Universal healthcare and longer life, at half the cost of US healthcare.

USA versus top ten healthiest countries 2

 Wikipedia country lists: Life expectancy. And: Total health expenditure per capita.


Replace Obamacare with Single-Payer Healthcare. Higher life expectancy at half the cost.
Country Life expectancy Infant mortality rate Healthcare cost per person
(2). (US dollars. PPP)
Murder rate
per 100,000
Canada 82.2 years.(2) 4.9 per 1000 births. $4,608 in 2015 1.5
USA 79.3 years.(2) 6.5 per 1000 births. $9,451 in 2015 3.9
Save $1.6 trillion out of $3.2 trillion spent on US healthcare in 2015. How?: Canadian single-payer healthcare, and Portuguese drug decriminalization and treatment. And: Save more via less incarceration. And: Prescriptions are free in Scotland, Wales, N. Ireland. Vs. USA. [83]. And: No personal medical debt in single-payer countries.

Canada passes US in middle-class wealth. Median after-tax middle-class income in Canada is higher. [84]. Why? Canadians pay so much less for far better healthcare. And: Canada has higher minimum wage.

Portugal decriminalised drugs 14 years ago – and now hardly anyone dies from overdosing. 2015 article by Chris Ingraham. Chart below is from the article.

"The country has 3 overdose deaths per million citizens, compared to the EU average of 17.3."

Portugal drug deaths

In 2014 the USA had 147 overdose deaths per million residents. [85] [86] [87] [88]

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, United States, 2000-2015

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, United States, 2000-2015. Deaths per 100,000 population. CDC source.

US charts:

Ibogaine cure:


USA. Republican-led drug war Edit

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See: Republican-led drug war. And: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate.

The Cannabis War is over and the U.S. Republican Party has lost. They may not know it yet, so keep marching! See Reagan's War on Cannabis. Please register and vote!

New Mexico's Republican governor vetoes a bill that would have allowed medical marijuana for opioid addiction. April 7, 2017. And: New Mexico's Republican governor vetoes the 911 Good Samaritan Overdose Prevention Bill. April 7, 2017. And: Idaho's Republican governor vetoes a broadly-supported asset forfeiture reform bill. April 7, 2017.


Categories Edit

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