Share links: safer - safer cannabis - safercannabis. This article was written by Timeshifter. See: Drug war causes high U.S. incarceration rate. And: Republican-led drug war. And: Register and vote.

Click the images below to enlarge them, and for info.

10 marijuana myths exposed.

Marijuana is safer than pharma
Dangerous drugs

Cannabis is safer and cheaper. Especially if people grow it themselves, as is legal in some places.

I just saved my liver by switching to medical cannabis
Ronald Reagan, 1980 campaign speech 1: "Leading medical researchers are coming to the conclusion that marijuana, pot, grass, whatever you want to call it, is probably the most dangerous drug in the United States, and we haven't begun to find out all of the ill effects, but they are permanent ill effects. The loss of memory for example."
See Reagan say it at 1 minute 7 seconds into this video clip narrated by Woody Harrelson.
Happy cannabis. Alcohol black eye

See: Map and detailed list and info about US states that have legalized medical and recreational cannabis.

Fentanyl. 2 mg. A lethal dose in most people

Fentanyl. 2 mg. A lethal dose in most people. 50 times smaller than a lethal dose of heroin.

Alcohol: 1 in 20 deaths globally

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One in 20 of all deaths worldwide due to alcohol, says World Health Organization. 20 Sep 2018. The Guardian.

Tobacco: 1 in 9 deaths globally

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6.4 million deaths attributed to smoking tobacco in 2015. [175]. Out of 56.6 million deaths worldwide in 2015. [176][177]. That is one out of nine deaths actually, not one out of ten.

A recent study in the medical journal The Lancet found that, in 2015, 11.5% of global deaths (approximately 6.4 million people) were attributable to smoking worldwide, of which 52.2% took place in four countries: China, India, Russia and the U.S. The study used over 2,818 pieces of research identified through several sources, including the Global Health Data Exchange, World Health Organization, and International Smoking Statistics Database.

  • Smoking tobacco causes one in ten deaths globally, major new study reveals. By Sarah Boseley. 5 April 2017. The Guardian. "There were nearly one billion smokers in 2015, in spite of tobacco control policies having been adopted by many countries. That number is expected to rise as the world’s population expands. One in every four men is a smoker and one in 20 women. Their lives are likely to be cut short – smoking is the second biggest risk factor for early death and disability after high blood pressure."

Tobacco: 1 in 5 deaths in USA

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480,000 deaths attributed to tobacco smoking in the USA yearly. Out of 2.6 million deaths yearly in the USA. That is almost one in five deaths in the USA.

Deep Breath. Nurse shares horrifying video showing what smoking is REALLY doing to your lungs. By Lizzie Parry, May 4, 2018. The Sun. "The footage shows a healthy pair of lungs next to a disease-riddled set from someone who smoked a pack of fags a day".


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Harm reduction taking hold concerning tobacco.

Cannabis vs opioids & Big Pharma drugs

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  • Do medical marijuana laws reduce opioid overdoses? A new study adds a layer of nuance. Feb. 22, 2018. By John Ingold. The Denver Post. "First, it confirms the results of a groundbreaking 2014 study that found states with medical marijuana laws have lower rates of fatal opioid overdoses. The connection was most dramatic, the new study concludes, in states that allowed dispensaries. ... And, a study last year using preliminary data found that Colorado experienced a 'reversal' [6% decline] in opioid overdoses after legal [recreational] sales began."
Science Calls Out Jeff Sessions on Medical Marijuana and the "Historic Drug Epidemic". 23. Scientific American. June 14, 2017. And: Medical Marijuana Legalization Associated With Fewer Opioid Hospitalizations. By Steve Elliott, March 9, 2017. And: Big Pharma Shaking in Their Boots as 80% of Cannabis Users Give Up Prescriptions Pills for Pot. Jan. 8, 2016. And: Medical marijuana users are using fewer prescription drugs or outright replacing them with medical pot. A comical meme sums up why. 2. July 7, 2016.
  • See also the sections farther down on pot versus pills and opioids.

Tobacco versus cannabis

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Thailand cigarettes and warnings

Thailand cigarette box warning

New Study: Cigarettes Tied To Increased Stroke Risk But Not Marijuana. January 2, 2017. And: Cannabis is less harmful than tobacco and the world is waking up to it. June 27, 2016 article. "A report from published in June 2015 stated that 29 percent of U.S. life insurers with official policies in place for cannabis users now class them as non-smokers."

Worth repeating: marijuana decreases risk of lung cancer. By David Downs on June 9, 2015. And it does not cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cannabis does not have the hundreds of synthetic additives found in cigarettes.

Cigarette chemicals

Cigarette Ingredients - Chemicals in Cigarettes. Tri-County Cessation Center: "The list of 599 additives approved by the US Government for use in the manufacture of cigarettes is something every smoker should see. Submitted by the five major American cigarette companies to the Dept. of Health and Human Services in April of 1994, this list of ingredients had long been kept a secret. ... While these ingredients are approved as additives for foods, they were not tested by burning them, and it is the burning of many of these substances which changes their properties, often for the worse. Over 4000 chemical compounds are created by burning a cigarette – 69 of those chemicals are known to cause cancer." See: Wikipedia: Tobacco harm reduction. See Marijuana habit not linked to lung cancer : IMNG Oncology Report: "The difference in risk is likely related to chemical additives in commercial cigarettes that aren’t present in most methods of inhaling marijuana smoke." See: Wikipedia: List of additives in cigarettes. See: Health problems associated with tobacco smoking. See also: Pot Smoking Not Linked To Breathing Problems; May Help Lungs. By Steve Elliott on March 6, 2013.

"In October 2008 the American Association of Public Health Physicians (AAPHP) became the first medical organization in the U.S. to officially endorse tobacco harm reduction as a viable strategy to reduce the death toll related to cigarette smoking." [179] [180] Joel Nitzkin: "So if we can figure that the nicotine in the e-cigarettes is basically a generic version of the same nicotine that is in prescription products, we have every reason to believe that the hazard posed by e-cigarettes would be much lower than one percent, probably lower than one tenth of one percent of the hazard posed by regular cigarettes." [181] [182] |}

Diet and cannabis

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Soda versus marijuana

Cannabis Users Are Less Overweight Than Non-Users: A Study. Aug. 6, 2018. And: Study: Marijuana Use Linked to Lower BMI. 8 Sept 2016. And: Mediterranean diet rich in 'good' fats 'is the BEST way to lose weight'. By Daily Mail Online, 6 June 2016. The Doobie Diet: Cannabis Keeps You Thin. About a 31 Dec 2014 study. [183][184]. And: Study: Why Pot Smokers Are Skinnier. By The Atlantic, 15 May 2013. Ending the War on Fat [185][186]. By Time magazine, 12 June 2014. Fats That Heal, Fats That Kill. Book by Udo Erasmus (dangers of refined, high-temperature, solvent-extracted oils [187], trans fats, etc). See also: cold-pressed oil. And: Cutting Back On Carbs, Not Fat, May Lead To More Weight Loss. In NPR's All Things Considered, 1 Sept 2014. A Call for a Low-Carb Diet That Embraces Fat. By The New York Times, 1 Sept 2014. Healthy Fats in Mediterranean Diet Won't Boost Weight. By U.S. News & World Report, 6 June 2016. And: Woman Who Ate ‘Carbs All Day Every Day’ Drops 100 Lbs. After Eliminating Bread from Her Diet.

Marijuana. No hangovers, no violence, no carbs

Denver, Colorado. October 2006 billboard.

Diet soda is bad too: What happens one hour after drinking a can of Diet coke revealed. By the Daily Mail, 4 August 2015. See infographic [188]. And: Souring on Artificial Sweeteners: Substances May Boost Appetite. By Sara G. Miller, 13 July 2016, LiveScience.

This chart shows the annual death rate from sugary drinks per million adults in selected countries.

Annual death rate from sugary drinks per million adults in selected countries

Sugary Drinks Kill 24,000 Mexicans Every Year. By Niall McCarthy, Jul 15, 2015.

Sex and cannabis

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5 Oct 2018: Dagga (cannabis) makes sex feel better for women (The Journal of Sexual Medicine).
10 Sep 2018: New Studies Show That Marijuana Enhances And Increases Sex. Forbes.

World Health Organization report on CBD

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Wikipedia: Cannabidiol (CBD).

Some articles covering the 2017 report:

The full report:

Store cannabis long term in rubber-sealed jars

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As with any herb any rubber-sealed jar will work. Store in a cool location out of the light. The sealed jar maintains the humidity level. It also prevents the essential oils from evaporating away.

Make your cannabis last longer

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Put a flat lighter on top of your small pipe bowl after taking a puff. Let no smoke be wasted.
Buy a flat lighter, not a round one. Use a small pipe that you can sit down without it rolling over. Put in a very small amount of cannabis. Puff without letting any smoke escape at all. Take in some side air while you do it so you don't cough and waste smoke. Immediately put the lighter on top of the bowl to stop any smoke from escaping. It quickly stops the burning due to no oxygen, and no smoke escapes. Lighter will heat up very little due to how fast the fire goes out in the bowl.

Hold in the smoke as long as possible. No need to take in more than a few puffs if good pot. And be patient. Wait 5 minutes for it to kick in before deciding if you need more. Set the pipe aside since it will no longer be lit, and since you don't have to worry about it tipping over. This method will easily cut your cannabis use in half. Usually much more if absolutely no smoke escapes.

Don't breathe out the smoke all at once. Breathe out a little, and then breathe in some more air to allow you to hold in the remaining smoke even longer. Keep letting out only a little air, and breathing in air to replenish the oxygen in your lungs. Face-smile People who try to cough and blow out huge clouds of smoke usually do so to impress their friends. They are ignorant, and/or have too much money to burn. Literally, money going up in smoke.

Other ideas:

Low dosing

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one new product in particular is spreading fast in mom circles: sublingual spray, a convenient, THC-infused ingestible liquid. ... it’s difficult to take too much sublingual spray. Since you can feel the effects immediately, it’s easy to tell when you’ve had enough. “The worst thing that can happen is you may feel overwhelmed,” she says. “Nausea, vomiting, paranoia, anxiety. These are symptoms of overconsumption. You cannot die.”

Using too much cannabis

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See article link and quote in the previous section. Vomiting is no fun, but you can not die from cannabis. Beginners should take it slow. Get used to low doses before increasing gradually to higher doses in later sessions. It takes around 10 minutes to reach the full high from smoking or vaping. It is very easy to do too much and get higher than you may want. Each stash of your cannabis can be wildly different in potency and effect. Experience with a particular stash is your best teacher. Go slow with the first try of a particular stash.

Cannabis tends to enhance whatever emotions you are feeling. So, to relieve anxiety or paranoia do something fun such as listening to happy music with headphones, or playing fun computer games. Get away from crowds until you are comfortable with a particular stash.

You may wonder if someone added something to the pot. In the past pesticides (such as paraquat, glyphosate and 2,4-D) have been sprayed by the US and Mexican governments on fields of marijuana in Mexico and the USA. says "There have been no confirmed incidents in which fentanyl has ever been conclusively detected in marijuana samples."

If you seriously believe the cannabis is contaminated, or if you have done some dangerous drugs in addition to the cannabis, then call 911, or have someone take you to the emergency room or urgent care. You will not be arrested there.

1 in 6 US adults binge drinks 4 times a month

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Alcohol versus cannabis

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It has not been proven that anybody has died solely from the health effects of cannabis use. See: Wikipedia: Cannabis (drug).

  • What's Worse for Your Brain — Alcohol or Marijuana? By Stephanie Pappas. Feb. 16, 2018. Live Science. "Hutchison said: Heavier alcohol use led to greater declines in gray matter and declines in the quality of connections in white matter. ... In contrast, 'we don't see any statistically significant effects of cannabis on gray matter or white matter,' Hutchison said."
Alcohol versus marijuana. Many photos
Right side, in clockwise order: Carl Sagan, Michael Phelps, Stephen King, Steve Jobs, Montel Williams.

1 in 10 deaths of working-age adults

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USA. 1 in 10 deaths of working-age adults are alcohol-related. (disease, overdose, car crashes, falls, violence, and more). 87,798 per year from 2006 to 2010. [189][190][191][192][193].

U.S. alcohol deaths timeline

Multiply by 10 to get deaths per million people

From the Washington Post article linked just above the chart: "Last year [2014], more than 30,700 Americans died from alcohol-induced causes, including alcohol poisoning and cirrhosis, which is primarily caused by alcohol use. ... This tally of alcohol-induced fatalities excludes deaths from drunk driving, other accidents, and homicides committed under the influence of alcohol. If those numbers were included the annual toll of deaths directly or indirectly caused by alcohol would be closer to 90,000, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention."

Teen drivers have 3 times more fatal crashes

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Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for U.S. teens. Teen drivers have 3 times more fatal crashes per mile driven. Drinking and driving (2700 yearly), and texting while driving (3000 yearly), are the leading causes. Scary video. [196][197][198][199][200]. Graduated driver licensing has been shown to greatly reduce teen accidents. [201][202][203][204]. Maybe we should consider graduated drinking licenses for alcohol modeled on customs in France, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Italy, etc. [205][206].

Oct. 2014 article: In California full marijuana decriminalization went into effect on Jan. 1, 2011, the report finds that "marijuana decriminalization in California has not resulted in harmful consequences for teenagers, such as increased crime, drug overdose, driving under the influence, or school dropout. In fact, California teenagers showed improvements in all risk areas after reform."

Teens and cannabis

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Cannabis exposure in adolescents and young adults is not associated with any significant long-term detrimental effects on cognitive performance, according to a systematic literature review published today in the journal JAMA Psychiatry.
Following marijuana legalization, teen drug use is down in Colorado. By Christopher Ingraham, 11 December 2017, Washington Post. And: No, legal weed is not ‘dumbing down’ the nation’s teens. By Christopher Ingraham, 29 May 2016. Washington Post. Twins study finds no evidence that marijuana lowers IQ in teens. By Emily Underwood, 18 January 2016, in Science magazine. And: Reefer madness debunked as major UK study finds marijuana does not reduce IQ in teens. By Eric W. Dolan, 14 January 2016. And: Study finds that teen marijuana use is not linked to issues of mental health. By Myron Castilloon, 5 August 2015. And: Teen cannabis use 'NOT linked to depression or lung cancer in later life'. By Madlen Davies, 4 August 2015, Daily Mail. And: No Link Between Early Marijuana Use And Health Problems Later In Life. By Angelique Johnson, 5 August 2015.

States that have legalized have no increase in fatal car crashes

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Guessing that it could possibly be due to the fact that some people are substituting marijuana for alcohol. So, though both can cause fatal car crashes, cannabis (by itself) causes far fewer than alcohol.

The findings, published in the American Journal of Public Health, ... The study concluded that "three years after recreational marijuana legalization, changes in motor vehicle crash fatality rates for Washington and Colorado were not statistically different from those in similar states without recreational marijuana legalization."

Alcohol 10 Times More Deadly Than Cannabis on the Road

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"In a study published earlier this month in the journal PLOS-One, scientists at the University of Lyon [France] ... found that 'drivers under the influence of alcohol are 17.8 times more likely to be responsible for a fatal accident,' when compared to completely sober drivers. Drivers under the influence of cannabis, by contrast, are 1.65 times more likely to be responsible for causing a fatal accident. ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ... study found that drivers with a blood alcohol level of .08, the legal limit in most states, were 293% more likely to be involved in a crash. Texting drivers were 310% more likely to crash."

Suicide rates rise sharply across US

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1 In 3 Takes Medications Linked To Depression

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Other drugs versus cannabis

Marijuana is safer than peanuts

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USA. Tobacco deaths are now 480,000 a year. [207][208][209][210][211]. CDC: "In 2012, of the 41,502 drug overdose deaths in the United States, 22,114 (53%) were related to pharmaceuticals. In 2012, 33,175 (79.9%) of the 41,502 drug overdose deaths in the United States were unintentional, 5,465 (13.2%) were of suicidal intent, 80 (0.2%) were homicides, and 2,782 (6.7%) were of undetermined intent." [212][213]. 16,238 homicides in 2011. [214]. Aspirin number is actually for NSAIDs [215] (take with milk or antacid [216][217]). Peanut allergy deaths is more like 10. [218] Stat sources (all deaths): [219][220][221].

US timeline. Total yearly drug deaths

Charts above and below are from Overdose Death Rates. By National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

Chart below: "Drugs Involved in U.S. Overdose Deaths* - Among the more than 72,000 drug overdose deaths estimated in 2017*, the sharpest increase occurred among deaths related to fentanyl and fentanyl analogs (synthetic opioids) with nearly 30,000 overdose deaths."

US timeline. Drugs involved in overdose deaths

Note the huge increases from 2014 to 2017.

Drug overdose deaths in 2014 by drug

Above chart found in these two articles:

Pot versus pills

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Chart below is from: One striking chart shows why pharma companies are fighting legal marijuana. By Christopher Ingraham. July 13, 2016. Washington Post.

Fewer pills prescribed in medical pot states

Cannabis versus opioids

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See previous sections too.
PTSD veterans. Cannabis. Pot versus pills

Where Marijuana Is Legal, Opioid Prescriptions Fall. April 2, 2018. Scientific American. [222][223].

Is Weed the Secret to Beating Opiate Addiction?1234. "I still use cannabis every day". Marijuana may be helping to overcome painkiller abuse in America.

Opioid overdose epidemic

Return to top. See also: Wikipedia: Opioid overdose. And: Wikipedia: Opioid epidemic.

Drug spoon sculpture at Purdue Pharma on 22 June 2018

Drug spoon at Purdue Pharma.

"Their efforts helped make opioids more American than apple pie: The U.S. — with 4% of the world's population — ingests 80% of its opioids, according to one of the lawsuits."

See gallery below, and more charts in this article: Wikipedia: Opioid overdose.

Timeline. Overdose deaths involving opioids, United States

Overdose Deaths Involving Opioids, United States. Deaths per 100,000 population. Multiply by 10 to get deaths per million people. Source (click on "Rising Rates" tab).

Opioids (see above chart) are responsible for the vast majority of US drug overdose deaths.
Drug induced deaths per million population, ages 15-64. By country

Source: [19]. And: "Goulao says 90 per cent of public money spent fighting drugs in Portugal is channeled toward those health-care goals — just 10 per cent is spent on police enforcement." [20][21][22][23].

Heroin fentanyl carfentanil. Lethal doses

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Source for first image below:

Heroin fentanyl carfentanil. Lethal dose comparison

Source for image below:

Lethal doses of heroin compared to synthetic opioids

US maps of drug overdose deaths

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See Wikipedia: Opioid epidemic.

See state by state list of data here: Drug Overdose Death Data | Drug Overdose | CDC Injury Center. The numbers of overdose deaths are in the data tables below the maps there. While there run your mouse cursor over any state to get the numbers. There are maps for various years.

US map of drug overdose deaths per 100,000 population by state

US map legend. Drug overdose deaths per 100,000 population

Drug withdrawal in jail is very dangerous

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Call the doctor right away!

Kelly Coltrain
Kelly Coltrain 2

Kelly Coltrain

Cold turkey stopping of all opioids and other drugs at once is often deadly. And flat out overdosing requires immediate medical assistance. And some drugs like bath salts are often just various random poisons packaged as "bath salts". But apparently many jails and prisons have a license to kill through medical negligence. Even when there are hospital doctors right across the street:

3 Sep 2018: Woman lay dead in Nevada jail cell for hours after deputy found her unresponsive. By Anjeanette Damon, Reno Gazette Journal.

Why can't jail and prison staff give a user gradually decreasing doses of an opioid? A doctor could have walked over from the hospital across the street and prescribed it for her. Isn't this how hip surgery patients recovering in hospitals, nursing homes, and at home do it? And what about prisoners with broken bones recovering in jails? Not being a doctor, and not ever being a recreational user of opioids I do not know if this would have helped her not. Guards and many nurses are equally clueless. Especially if multiple drugs are involved. But no one gave a damn. No one called in the doctors. She even told the jail staff that she previously suffered from seizures during withdrawal.

Withdrawal, overdose, poisoning deaths in jails:

6 Oct 2018: Deputies Made Jokes About a Veteran Thrashing in His Cell Before He Died. New York Times.

Raw video Deputies mock man suffering from drug overdose (WARNING Disturbing)

Raw video Deputies mock man suffering from drug overdose (WARNING Disturbing)

4 Sep 2018: New Orleans jail staffers ignored dying man’s cries for help, lawsuit charges. By Matt Sledge, The New Orleans Advocate.

Opioids are particularly deadly when combined with other drugs

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See Wikipedia: Drug overdose. See the "Causes" section for a list of the various drugs. More than one drug is often involved in an overdose death.

US timeline. Opioid involvement in cocaine overdose

US. Opioid involvement in cocaine overdose deaths. Yellow line (the top line in recent years) represents the number of cocaine deaths that also involved opioids. The orange line represents cocaine deaths that did not involve opioids.

US timeline. Opioid involvement in benzodiazepine overdose

The top line represents the number of benzodiazepine deaths that also involved opioids in the US. The bottom line represents benzodiazepine deaths that did not involve opioids. [24].

Overdose deaths are product of prohibition

Return to top. See Wikipedia: Harm reduction for alternatives worldwide.

During Prohibition, drinkers never knew what they would get when they set out to slake their thirst. Bootleggers often sold products adulterated with industrial alcohol and other toxins. Some 10,000 people were fatally poisoned before America gave up this grand experiment in suppressing vice.

Chart below is from:

"The average fatal overdose takes more than 40 man-hours for the county’s narcotics team to investigate, ... the process can seem futile. 'I feel like we’re just playing whack-a-mole,' he said, sounding exhausted. 'Sometimes you feel like you’re just banging your head against a wall—because somebody else is going to pop up and take that business.' ... changed hands so many times—and mixed with fentanyl and other additives along the way—that dealers often don’t know what they are dealing. Indeed, the customary drug in Baltimore is 'scramble': an amalgamation of heroin and other drugs, sold in gel capsules.]"
Accidental overdose deaths per 100,000 Americans

Yearly US accidental overdose deaths per 100,000 population. Multiple by 10 to get deaths per million.

FDA-approved drugs later banned

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Big Pharma and academic journals

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A paper published last year in the British Medical Journal examined how much money editors of the world's most influential medical journals were taking from industry sources. Of the journals that could be assessed, 50.6 percent of editors were receiving money from the pharmaceutical industry - in some cases, hundreds of thousands of dollars. ... Worst on that list is the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC), where 19 of its editors received, on average, US$475,072 personally and another US$119,407 for 'research'. ... "The medical profession is being bought by the pharmaceutical industry, not only in terms of the practice of medicine, but also in terms of teaching and research," said the late Arnold Relman, a former editor-in-chief of the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) in 2002. He passed away in 2014. "The academic institutions of this country are allowing themselves to be the paid agents of the pharmaceutical industry. I think it's disgraceful." ... There's also a push to get organisations to publish all valid results, even if they're negative.

Read the article for more info. and more links to reliable sources.

Marijuana leaf plays epilepsy cure role. Salt Lake City Telegram, May 20, 1949.

From Salt Lake City Telegram, May 20, 1949.

In fact, the heavy influence of pharmaceutical dollars inspired the former editor-in-chief of the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Marcia Angell, to conclude, “It is simply no longer possible to believe much of the clinical research that is published, or to rely on the judgment of trusted physicians or authoritative medical guidelines.”
Similar conflicts of interest and biases exist in virtually every field of medicine, particularly those that rely heavily on drugs or devices. It is simply no longer possible to believe much of the clinical research that is published, or to rely on the judgment of trusted physicians or authoritative medical guidelines. I take no pleasure in this conclusion, which I reached slowly and reluctantly over my two decades as an editor of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Crack cocaine and cannabis

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Institute of Medicine

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1999 Institute of Medicine report on marijuana

See image info.

Quotes in the image to the left (and in the text below) are from the U.S. government's landmark 1999 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, Marijuana and Medicine: Assessing the Science Base. The full text of the report is available for free online at the above link, and is searchable. The table of contents by chapter is on the sidebar. The report is also available as a free PDF download. Quotes below are followed by their references. Emphasis added.

Page 109: "Indeed, epidemiological data indicate that in the general population marijuana use is not associated with increased mortality. 138"

- 138. Sidney S, Beck JE, Tekawa IS, Quesenberry CP Jr, Friedman GD. 1997a. Marijuana use and mortality. American Journal of Public Health 87:585—590.

Page 107: "When heavy marijuana use accompanies these symptoms [amotivation], the drug is often cited as the cause, but no convincing data demonstrate a causal relationship between marijuana smoking and these behavior characteristics. 23"

- 23. Chait LD, Pierri J. 1992. Effects of smoked marijuana on human performance: A critical review. In: L Murphy and A Bartke, Editors, Marijuana/Cannabinoids: Neurobiology and Neurophysiology. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Pp. 387—424.

Page 119: "There is no conclusive evidence that marijuana causes cancer in humans, including cancers usually related to tobacco use."

Cannabis. Peer-reviewed studies, etc.

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Cannabis and athletic performance

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Microdosing and cannabis

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Why Microdosing Is Taking Over Medical Marijuana. April 20, 2017. Rolling Stone. From the article:

"You repeat this process over the next few days," he says, "increasing the dose by small increments. When you reach a point where you feel a difference after consuming, you've found your minimal effective dose." At this point, he asks patients to continue raising the dose by tiny amounts. At some point, he says, there will be no further benefit from a higher dose. "You've established your therapeutic range, and can take the minimum dose."

Cannabis stores mean safer neighborhoods

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Philly420: Bombastic opposition to Mt. Airy cannabis dispensary is unjustified. By Chris Goldstein. August 22, 2017. From the article:

  • A 2011 study by UCLA found that more than 1,000 semi-regulated medical marijuana dispensaries in Los Angeles were not associated with an increased density of violent crime or property crime in their neighborhoods.
  • A June 2017 article in the Harvard Business Review reviewed a massive set of data addressing dispensaries in “mixed-use” areas. Marijuana dispensaries and restaurants appear to help keep crime down when they are open for business.

The Devastating Effects of Marijuana Legalization

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Devastating Effects of Marijuana Legalization. News reports

Reefer Madness

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SAFER. Marijuana is safer than alcohol

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Marijuana is safer

Image info.

Right-click images below for image info and larger sizes.

Marijuana is safer than alcohol 2
Book. Marijuana is SAFER
Alcohol vs marijuana

2005. Denver legalizes cannabis

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Featured group:

Safer Alternative For Enjoyable Recreation (SAFER)

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2006 Bush SAFER Colorado

No violence or hangover

Denver Colorado 2012 April. I prefer marijuana to alcohol

Denver, Colorado. April 2012. See: Cannabis is safer.

Marijuana. No hangovers, no violence, no carbs

Denver, Colorado. October 2006 billboard.

Marijuana no carbs

Much safer than tobacco smoking

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  • Classic Mild pack of 20 front

    Front of a Classic Mild pack, sold in India, displaying the new pictorial warning.

  • Marlboro red pack front NZ

    The front of a 20 pack of Marlboro red cigarettes sold in New Zealand.

  • PH tobacco packaging graphic warning labels

    Graphic tobacco packaging warning messages at present.

  • Cigarette pack of L&M Blue in Singapore

    Cigarette pack of L&M Blue in Singapore, a photo of heart surgery and a warning message were printed.

  • Cigarettes brazil

    Brazil's third and current batch of graphic images, mandatory on all cigarette packs.

Presidents' views concerning cannabis

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See: Reagan's war on cannabis. And: Holy War on Drugs, Republican-led mass incarceration.

Ronald Reagan, 1980 campaign speech 1: "Leading medical researchers are coming to the conclusion that marijuana, pot, grass, whatever you want to call it, is probably the most dangerous drug in the United States, and we haven't begun to find out all of the ill effects, but they are permanent ill effects. The loss of memory for example."
See Reagan say it at 1 minute 7 seconds into this video clip narrated by Woody Harrelson.

See longer article: Cannabis is safer.

Mitt Romney in July 2012 in New Hampshire 2

Obama on medical marijuana and drugs
Above quote is from Sanjay Gupta interview of Obama on April 15, 2015. Interview aired on CNN on April 19, 2015. [232][233][234].

U.S. incarceration timeline 4

Obama helped turn around the Reagan-Bush War on Pot, mandatory minimums, mass incarceration. See: US incarceration peaked in 2008.

Presidents alone can not reschedule it

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See main article: Presidents alone can not reschedule marijuana.

Neither the president nor the Attorney General can reschedule marijuana by themselves. [238] [239][240]. The two of them together also can not do so. See Wikipedia: Removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act. See "Process" section.

Since HHS (Health and Human Services) and the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) have again declined to reschedule or deschedule cannabis, then only Congress can do so. But Congress removed help for veterans: Republicans in Congress Won’t Let Veterans Access Medical Marijuana After All. [241][242]. And Congressional Republican committee leaders refuse hearings on CARERS bill to reschedule cannabis. See: Medical Marijuana Advocates Rally to Loosen Restrictions. By Alicia Ault. 23 Mar 2016. Medscape.

Vote out most Republicans

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See: Vote out most Republicans.


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